BugwoodWiki Article

slender Russian thistle
Salsola collina Pallas


Salsola collina is an erect annual forb. It is a round, bushy, much-branched plant growing 1-3.5 ft. (0.3-1.1 m) high.
The branches are slender and soft when young, woody when mature. The leaves are alternate. The first ones start off being dark green, soft, slender, and 1-2.5 in. (2.5-6.4 cm) long.
Flowers are small, green-white or pink in color.
About 30 seeds are produced per seed head.
Ecological Threat
Salsola collina can threaten native plant ecosystems. This species can reduce yield and quality of numerous agricultural crops. She depletes soil moisture, interferes with tillage operations, and serves as a shelter or food source to many insects, vertebrate pests, and crop diseases. Salsola collina is native to eastern Europe and eastern Asia.


Image Sets
View other image sets:


EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

EDDMapS Distribution

State Invasive List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their invasive species list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

State Invasives List

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Caryophyllidae
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Chenopodiaceae
Genus: Salsola

Other System Links

Plants: SACO8
GRIN: 316815
ITIS: 20656

Synonyms and Other Names

Other Common Names:
Russian thistle, slender Russian-thistle, spineless Russian thistle


Category: Forbs/Herbs