- Rubus armeniacus is a perennial shrub, that is native to Eurasia. Stems grow to 15 ft. (4.6 m) before arching and trail the ground for up to 40 ft. (12.2 m).
- The leaves of the prima cane (first year shoots) are 2.8-7.9 in. (0.9-2.4 cm) long and are palmately compound with 5 leaflets. In the second year, several side shoots are produced (flora canes) having smaller leaves with 3 leaflets. The leaflets are oval and toothed with thorns along the underside of the mid-rib.
- No flowers are produced in this plant’s first year of life. Flowering occurs in late spring to early summer; when white to pale pink flowers develop on the flora canes. Flowers have five petals, numerous stamens and are 0.8-1 in. (2-2.5 cm) in diameter.
- Fruits are an aggregate of drupelets that are black, when mature, and 0.5-0.8 in. (1.3-2 cm) in diameter.
- Ecological Threat
- As the plant grows and the stems touch the ground they root at the nodes, producing a dense thicket that shades out other plant species.
- Element Stewardship Abstract - The Nature Conservancy
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EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
State Invasive List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their invasive species list. For more information, visit Invasive.org
Invasive Listing Sources
- California Invasive Plant Council
- Colorado Noxious Weeds
- Faith Campbell, 1998
- Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council - Category 3
- Jil M. Swearingen, Survey of invasive plants occurring on National Park Service lands, 2000-2007
- John Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Survey of TNC Preserves, 1995.
- Mid-Atlantic Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2005
- Native Plant Society of Oregon, 2008
- New Jersey Department of Agriculture, Division of Plant Industry, 2004
- Oregon Noxious Weeds
- Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council, 1998
- Reichard, Sarah. 1994. Assessing the potential of invasiveness in woody plants introduced in North America. University of Washington Ph.D. dissertation.
- Washington Noxious Weeds
- WeedUS - Database of Plants Invading Natural Areas in the United States
Other System LinksPlants: RUAR9
NPDN Pest: PELATBK
NPDN Host: 37268
CategoriesCategory: Shrub or Subshrub
|Common Name Reference:|| Weed Science Society of America Common Names List|
|Scientific Name Reference:||USDA, NRCS. 2010. The PLANTS Database. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA.|