- Phleum pratense is a perennial bunchgrass, growing 2-3.5 ft. (0.61-1.1 m) tall, with a swollen or bulblike base, without rhizomes. It starts growth in early spring.
- Glabrous, distinctly veined on blade and sheath; blades flat to somewhat keeled, 4-8 in. (10.2-20.3 cm) long, up to 0.38 in. (0.95 cm) wide, tapering toward the tip, with midrib prominent on upper surface; leaves rolled in buds.
- The flowers occur from May to August. White little petals appears and the flower head is 2.8-5.9 in. (7-15 cm) long.
- The seeds are dense, cylindrical, symmetrical spike-like panicle, 2-5 in. (5-12.7 cm) long. The seeds have little hairs on them.
- Ecological Threat
- Phleum pratense will over take roadsides and abandoned fields but it requires larges amounts of nutrients from the soil.
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EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
State Invasive List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their invasive species list. For more information, visit Invasive.org
Invasive Listing Sources
- California Invasive Plant Council
- City of Ann Arbor Michigan Parks and Recreation
- Faith Campbell, 1998
- Jil M. Swearingen, Survey of invasive plants occurring on National Park Service lands, 2000-2007
- John Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Survey of TNC Preserves, 1995.
- Mid-Atlantic Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2005
- Native Plant Society of Oregon, 2008
- Nonnative Invasive Species in Southern Forest and Grassland Ecosystems
- Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council, 1998
- Virginia Invasive Plant Species List
- WeedUS - Database of Plants Invading Natural Areas in the United States
Other System LinksPlants: PHPR3
NPDN Pest: PCACIBA
NPDN Host: 22029
|Common Name Reference:|| USDA, NRCS. 2010. The PLANTS Database. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA.|
|Scientific Name Reference:||USDA, NRCS. 2010. The PLANTS Database. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA.|