BugwoodWiki Article

African rue
Peganum harmala L.

Overview

Appearance
Peganum harmala is a perennial plant with a low-growing, bushy habit reaching 2-3 ft. (0.6-0.9 m) in height.
Foliage
Leaves are succulent, dark green in color, smooth, fleshy, alternate, irregularly divided, and from 0.8-2 in. (2-5 cm) long.
Flowers
The white, five-petal flowers have green sepals and yellow stamens. They are present from late spring to early fall in the axils of the leaves.
Fruit
Seeds are medium-size and found in a 2-celled or 4-celled green capsule that dries and bursts open at maturity. The plant also spreads by lateral roots.
Ecological Threat
P. harmala is found in disturbed environments such as roadsides and fields in desert to semi-desert areas. The plant is found in many western states and can be poisonous to people and livestock. P. harmala is native to Africa, temperate and tropical Asia and Europe.

Resources

Selected Images


5386733
5386733

African rue
Peganum harmala
Plant(s)
Joseph M. DiTomaso
5177061
5177061

African rue
Peganum harmala
Flower(s)
G.A. Cooper
5078010
5078010

African rue
Peganum harmala
Fruit(s)
Douglas Barbe
5386735
5386735

African rue
Peganum harmala
Fruit(s)
Joseph M. DiTomaso
5386736
5386736

African rue
Peganum harmala
Foliage
Joseph M. DiTomaso
5078008
5078008

African rue
Peganum harmala
Plant(s)
Douglas Barbe
5078009
5078009

African rue
Peganum harmala
Plant(s)
Douglas Barbe
5177062
5177062

African rue
Peganum harmala
Plant(s)
G.A. Cooper

Maps


EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

EDDMapS Distribution

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

State Regulated List

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosidae
Order: Sapindales
Family: Zygophyllaceae
Genus: Peganum

Other System Links

Plants: PEHA
Bayer: PEGHA
GRIN: 27098
ITIS: 29053
NPDN Pest: PFMAHBA

Synonyms and Other Names

Other Common Names:
harmal peganum, Syrian rue

Categories

Category: Forbs/Herbs