BugwoodWiki Article

wild parsnip
Pastinaca sativa L.

Overview

Appearance
Pastinaca sativa is a biennial/perennial herb that looks and smells similar to cultivated parsnip and can grow up to 4 ft. (1.2 m) in height.
Foliage
Leaves are alternate, compound and branched with jagged teeth. Leaflets are yellowish-green, shiny, oblong, coarsely-toothed, and diamond-shaped.
Flowers
Flowering occurs from May to June, when hundreds of yellow flowers develop. Flowers are arranged in an umbel.
Fruit
Fruits are dry, smooth, slightly winged and flattened on back. Fruits each contain two seeds, which are dispersed in the fall.
Ecological Threat
Pastinaca sativa is native to Eurasia and occurs in sunny areas with varying degrees of soil moisture. Contact with this plant can cause skin to become photosensitive; exposure to sunlight can cause severe blistering. Be aware, poison hemlock and water hemlock are close in appearance and are often confused with Pastinaca sativa. Poison hemlock has a mouse-like odor while Pastinaca sativa has a parsnip-like odor. Water hemlock prefers wet habitats whereas Pastinaca sativa prefers dry soils.

General Description:Pastinaca sativa is a tall, stout monocarpic perennial of the parsley family.

Resources

Selected Images


1400156
1400156

wild parsnip
Pastinaca sativa
Plant(s)
Linda Haugen
1552219
1552219

wild parsnip
Pastinaca sativa
Foliage
Ohio State Weed Lab Archive
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1552221

wild parsnip
Pastinaca sativa
Fruit(s)
John Cardina
1558152
1558152

wild parsnip
Pastinaca sativa
Flower(s)
Ohio State Weed Lab Archive
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5438636

wild parsnip
Pastinaca sativa
Seed(s)
Bruce Ackley
5438648
5438648

wild parsnip
Pastinaca sativa
Seed(s)
Bruce Ackley

Maps


EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

EDDMapS Distribution

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

State Regulated List

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosidae
Order: Apiales
Family: Apiaceae
Genus: Pastinaca

Other System Links

Plants: PASA2
Bayer: PAVSA
GRIN: 27018
ITIS: 29795
NPDN Pest: PFFAUBA
NPDN Host: 14012

Synonyms and Other Names

Other Common Names:
wild parship

Categories

Category: Forbs/Herbs