BugwoodWiki Article

olive
Olea europaea L.

Overview

Appearance
Olea europaea is a perennial tree that can grow from 26.2-49.2 ft. (8-15 m) tall.
Foliage
Leaves are thick, 1.6 in. (4 cm) long, lanceolate, opposite, leathery, somewhat hairy, and dark green on upper surface and greyish green on lower surface.
Flowers
Flowers are small, yellow to white in color, and clustered in groups of 15-30 flowers. Flowers bloom in early summer.
Fruit
Fruit is a drupe that is ovoid, 0.8-1 in. (2-2.5 cm) long, and green to blackish violet in color. The edible fruit surrounds the dark violet round seed.
Ecological Threat
Olea europaea is being grown as a crop in some states. It has escaped cultivation and can be found in disturbed areas including grasslands, scrublands, and urban areas. Olea europaea is native to Africa, Asia-temperate, and Europe.

Selected Images


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Olea europaea
Fruit(s)
Piero Amorati
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Olea europaea
Foliage
Karan A. Rawlins
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Olea europaea
Fruit(s)
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Tree(s)
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Olea europaea
Foliage
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Piero Amorati
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Olea europaea
Foliage
Karan A. Rawlins
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Olea europaea
Fruit(s)
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Olea europaea
Fruit(s)
Karan A. Rawlins
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Olea europaea
Fruit(s)
Piero Amorati
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Olea europaea
Fruit(s)
Esmat M. Hegazi

Maps


EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

EDDMapS Distribution

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

State Regulated List

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Scrophulariales
Family: Oleaceae
Genus: Olea

Other System Links

Plants: OLEU
GRIN: 25555
ITIS: 32990
NPDN Host: 28014

Categories

Category: Hardwood Trees
Category: Shrub or Subshrub