Dalmatian toadflax
Linaria dalmatica (L.) P. Mill.


Linaria dalmatica is a short-lived, perennial herb that can grow 3.9 ft. (1.2 m) tall. The overall form of the plant is narrow and upright, with multiple stems growing from a single woody base.
Leaves are pale green, waxy, and heart-shaped, about 1-3 in. (2.5-7.6 cm) long in length, that clasp the stem at the base.
Flowering occurs in May-September, when bright yellow, snapdragon-like flowers develop. Flowers, including the spur, are 1.4-2 in. (3.5-5 cm) long and occur in racemes at the apex of the stems.
Fruits are capsules that are 0.1-0.3 in. (3-7 mm) long. Each capsule contains numerous small, black-brown, ridged seeds.
Ecological Threat
Linaria dalmatica occurs in fields, pastures, roadsides and rangelands. It is native to Europe and was introduced into North America, as an ornamental, in the late 1800s.


Selected Images


EDDMapS Distribution

EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

State Regulated List

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Scrophulariales
Family: Scrophulariaceae
Genus: Linaria
Subject: Linaria dalmatica (L.) P. Mill.

Synonyms and Other Names

Related Scientific Names:
Linaria dalmatica ssp. dalmatica (L.) P. Mill. (Synonym)


Plants - Forbs/Herbs