- Leonurus cardiaca is a perennial herbaceous plant is 2-5 ft (0.6-1.5 m) tall. The plant generally has few branches. The square stems are ribbed and somewhat pubescent. Stems begin erect but tend to sprawl as they mature. The root system is made up of both shallow fibrous roots and rhizomes. It is native from temperate Russia to central Asia. It has been cultivated in Europe for a many decades.
- The opposite leaves vary in size and shape. Leaves have long petioles and are slightly pubescent. Leaves become smaller and less lobed as they rise up the stem. The base of each leaf is somewhat wedge-shaped.
- Flowers are sessile and surround the stem in the leaf axils. Flowers are tubular flower with a white to pink corolla and long white hairs. There are usually purple dots on the lower lip and near the throat of the corolla. Flowers bloom for about 2 months during the summer.
- Fruits reddish brown to brown three sided nutlets. Each flower produces four nutlets.
- Ecological Threat
- L. cardiaca occurs in open disturbed woodlands, areas along woodland paths, woodland edges and thickets, edges of degraded wetlands, edges of yards underneath trees, and partially shaded fence rows. It can also invade natural woodland areas. This plant is still sold by commercial nurseries as a medicinal herb.
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EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
State Invasive List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their invasive species list. For more information, visit Invasive.org
Invasive Listing Sources
- City of Ann Arbor Michigan Parks and Recreation
- John Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Survey of TNC Preserves, 1995.
- Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council - Lesser Threat
- Nonnative Invasive Species in Southern Forest and Grassland Ecosystems
- WeedUS - Database of Plants Invading Natural Areas in the United States
Other System LinksPlants: LECA2
NPDN Pest: PCOAGBA
NPDN Host: 36184
|Common Name Reference:|| Weed Science Society of America Common Names List|
|Scientific Name Reference:||USDA, NRCS. 2010. The PLANTS Database. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA.|