BugwoodWiki Article

Polygonum perfoliatum L.


Polygonum perfoliatum is a fast growing herbaceous annual vine. Stems grow up to 6 in. (15 cm) a day; 23 ft. (7 m) in length total.
A cup-shaped ocrea surrounds the stem at petiole base; in upper leaves the ocrea is much larger. Stems, petioles and veins under leaves bear curved, retrorse barbs; petioles long and perfoliate; thin, jointed, highly branched stems green to reddish-green. Leaves alternate; pale green; thin; glabrous; 0.75-3.0 in. (2-8 cm) wide; deltoid in shape; and as long as they are wide.
Small white flowers 0.12-0.2 in. (3-5 mm); on racemes 0.4-0.8 in. (1-2 cm) long; emerge from the ocrea; bear three stigmas; and often remain closed.
Green, berry-like fruits, 0.2 in. (5 mm) diameter; appear in June; ripen to a pale, metallic blue; contain a black or reddish-black, rounded achene 0.08 in. (2 mm) diameter; and is produced continuously until the first frost.
Ecological Threat
It cover and outcompete native vegetation. The weight of the vine can damage trees and other plants. Its transportation in nursery stock is a problem, because it may accidently be planted with other plants. It’s found in open disturbed areas, old agricultural fields, roadsides, stream edges and wet meadows. It has been seen spreading into early successional forest and climbing trees up to 13 ft. (4 m) high.


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EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

EDDMapS Distribution

State Invasive List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their invasive species list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

State Invasives List

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Caryophyllidae
Order: Polygonales
Family: Polygonaceae
Genus: Polygonum

Other System Links

Plants: POPE10


Category: Forbs/Herbs