BugwoodWiki Article

swamp morningglory
Ipomoea aquatica Forssk.

Overview

Appearance
Ipomoea aquatica is an annual herb. It can be a procumbent terrestrial in wetland areas or a floating aquatic. The thick hollow stems root at the nodes. Stems are slightly swollen above the nodes. It is native to temperate and tropical Asia, Africa, and Australia. It is used as a pot herb in some regions.
Foliage
The petiolate leaves are hastate (halberd shaped) with the central lobe lanceolate. The basal lobes are much smaller and sometimes almost absent. Leaves are from 1.5-5 in. (4-12 cm) inches long.
Flowers
The white to purple funnel shaped flowers are usually solitary. Sometimes a few flowers are held in a cyme. It can flower year round in tropical climates.
Fruit
Ipomoea aquatica fruits are woody ovoid capsules.
Ecological Threat
Ipomoea aquatica can become an invasive problem in some tropical and temperate regions outside of its native range. Its common name, water spinach indicates that use as a food is one reason it has been spread to other parts of the world. It is listed as a noxious weed in the United States. Ipomoea aquatica has been reported in Florida, California, Hawaii and Washington. It has also been reported in Micronesia, French Polynesia and South America.

Selected Images


1149033
1149033

swamp morningglory
Ipomoea aquatica
Infestation
USDA APHIS PPQ Archive
1116058
1116058

swamp morningglory
Ipomoea aquatica
Flower(s)
Charles T. Bryson
1116060
1116060

swamp morningglory
Ipomoea aquatica
Flower(s)
Charles T. Bryson
1149029
1149029

swamp morningglory
Ipomoea aquatica
Flower(s)
USDA APHIS PPQ Archive
5294015
5294015

swamp morningglory
Ipomoea aquatica
Flower(s)
Florida Division of Plant Industry Archive
1149028
1149028

swamp morningglory
Ipomoea aquatica
Plant(s)
USDA APHIS PPQ Archive
1149032
1149032

swamp morningglory
Ipomoea aquatica
Seed(s)
USDA APHIS PPQ Archive
5376490
5376490

swamp morningglory
Ipomoea aquatica
Seed(s)
Julia Scher

Maps


EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

EDDMapS Distribution

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

State Regulated List

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Solanales
Family: Convolvulaceae
Genus: Ipomoea

Other System Links

Plants: IPAQ
Bayer: IPOAQ
GRIN: 20138
ITIS: 30759
NPDN Pest: PBGAFBA

Synonyms and Other Names

Other Common Names:
swamp morning-glory, Water spinach, Swamp-cabbage, Ipomoea reptans,chinese water spinach, swamp morning glory, swanp morningglory

Categories

Category: Vines
Category: Aquatic