BugwoodWiki Article

common sunflower
Helianthus annuus L.

Overview

Appearance
Helianthus annuus is a coarse, hairy, leafy, fast growing annual that grows from 5-10 ft (1.5-3 m) tall on stiff upright stalks. It is native to dry plains, prairies, meadows and foothills in the western U. S., Canada and northern Mexico.
Foliage
The leaves are large, ovate to triangular, sandpapery and up to 12 in (30.5 cm) long.
Flowers
The 3-6 in (7.6-15 cm) wide sunflowers with orange-yellow rays and brown to purple center disks. Flowers bloom through the summer.
Fruit
The disk flowers give way to the familiar sunflower seeds. The fruits are achenes which contain one seed.
Ecological Threat
H. annuus is native to North America, although Iowa lists it as a State Noxious Weed. It is also considered a weed in many agricultural areas. It is grown commercially for the seeds and the oil extracted from them, both for human consumption and as a wildlife food. H. annuus contains the world's second most important and valuable oil seed. (Coconut oil comes first.) The seeds contain 35-40% oil. They are high in polyunsaturated fat and contain no cholesterol. The seeds are a good source of protein, starch and calories.

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Maps


EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

EDDMapS Distribution

State Invasive List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their invasive species list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

State Invasives List

Invasive Listing Sources

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Helianthus

Other System Links

Plants: HEAN3
Bayer: HELAN
GRIN: 27923
ITIS: 36616
NPDN Pest: PBFBUBA
NPDN Host: 28021

Synonyms and Other Names

Other Common Names:
annual sunflower, sunflower, wild sunflower

Categories

Category: Forbs/Herbs
Category: Crops