BugwoodWiki Article

fennel
Foeniculum vulgare P. Mill.

Overview

Appearance
Foeniculum vulgare is a perennial with soft, feathery, almost hair-like foliage growing up to 6.6 ft. (2 m) tall. This plant can look similar to dill.
Foliage
Stem striate. Leaves 3-4 pinnate; segments filiform, up to 1.6 in. (4 cm) long; leaf bases sheathing. Rays 5-30, 0.39-2.4 in. (1-6 cm) long.
Flowers
Flowers are small, yellow, and found in large flat-topped umbels. Blooming occurs between August and October.
Fruit
Fruit oblong to ovoid, 0.12-0.2 in. (3-5 mm) long. Seeds ripen from September to October. This plant can reproduce from crown or root fragments but freely reproduces from seed.
Ecological Threat
Foeniculum vulgare requires well-drained soil and cannot grow in the shade. It prefers disturbed areas and is native to Europe.

Resources

Selected Images


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5415395

fennel
Foeniculum vulgare
Plant(s)
Forest and Kim Starr
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5416652

fennel
Foeniculum vulgare
Plant(s)
Forest and Kim Starr
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5414948

fennel
Foeniculum vulgare
Plant(s)
Forest and Kim Starr
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5416653

fennel
Foeniculum vulgare
Foliage
Forest and Kim Starr
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5414949

fennel
Foeniculum vulgare
Plant(s)
Forest and Kim Starr
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5392156

fennel
Foeniculum vulgare
Flower(s)
John M. Randall
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5414852

fennel
Foeniculum vulgare
Flower(s)
Forest and Kim Starr
5392157
5392157

fennel
Foeniculum vulgare
Flower(s)
John M. Randall
5459615
5459615

fennel
Foeniculum vulgare
Fruit(s)
D. Walters and C. Southwick
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5459614

fennel
Foeniculum vulgare
Fruit(s)
D. Walters and C. Southwick

Maps


EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

EDDMapS Distribution

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

State Regulated List

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosidae
Order: Apiales
Family: Apiaceae
Genus: Foeniculum

Other System Links

Plants: FOVU
Bayer: FOEVU
GRIN: 300219
ITIS: 29509
NPDN Pest: PFFAPBA
NPDN Host: 36064

Synonyms and Other Names

Other Common Names:
sweet fennel

Categories

Category: Forbs/Herbs