- Epilobium hirsutum is a semi-aquatic perennial herbaceous plant. The plant is erect, branching, covered with soft hairs and grows up to 6 ft. (1.8 m) tall. E. hirsutum is native to Africa, temperate Asia and Europe.
- E. hirsutum leaves are opposite, sessile and clasp the stem. Leaf blades are lanceolate-elliptic to narrowly obovate or elliptic 1.6-4.7 in. (4-12 cm) long and 0.12-1.6 in. (0.3-4 cm) wide. Foliage is villous both above and below with a serrulate margin. Leaf tip is acute to acuminate.
- Solitary flowers are held on stems arising from the upper leaf axils. Stems can be floating or lying on the ground. The flowers are showy with bright pink to dark purple notched petals with white centers.
- E. hirsutum reproduces by seeds, rhizomes and stolons. Fruits are narrow, pubescent, dehiscent seed pods from 1-3.5 in. (2.5-9 cm) long that contain numerous seeds. Seeds have long white hairs that aid in dispersal by wind.
- Ecological Threat
- E. hirsutum is an extremely widespread and variable species that spreads aggressively by vegetative growth in sunny open wetland habitats, although it can also invade uplands. It can form monocultures in natural wetlands, crowding out native species.
- Invasive Plant Atlas of New England - University of Connecticut
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EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
State Invasive List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their invasive species list. For more information, visit Invasive.org
Invasive Listing Sources
- Colorado Noxious Weeds
- EDDMapS Ontario
- Hoffman, R. & K. Kearns, Eds. 1997. Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants. Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources, Bureau of Endangered Resources. Madison, Wisconsin. 102pp.
- Massachusetts Noxious Weeds
- New Hampshire Prohibited Aquatic Species
- Washington Noxious Weeds
- WeedUS - Database of Plants Invading Natural Areas in the United States
- Wisconsin's Invasive Species Identification, Classification and Control Rule
|Common Name Reference:|| Weed Science Society of America Common Names List|
|Scientific Name Reference:||USDA, NRCS. 2010. The PLANTS Database. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA.|