BugwoodWiki Article

foxglove
Digitalis purpurea L.

Overview

Appearance
Digitalis purpurea is an herbaceous biennial or short lived perennial plant.
Foliage
The leaves are spirally arranged, simple, 3.9-13.8 in. (10-35 cm) long and 2-4.7 in. (5-12 cm) broad, and are covered with gray-white pubescent and glandular hairs. The foliage forms a tight rosette at ground level in the first year.
Flowers
The flowering stem develops in the second year, from about 3.3-6.6 ft. (1-2 m) tall. The flowers are arranged in a showy, terminal, elongated cluster, and each flower is tubular and pendent. The flowers are typically purple but some plants, under cultivation, may be pink, rose, yellow, or white. The corolla is spotted inside the bottom of the tube. Flowers in early summer.
Fruit
The fruit is a capsule which splits open at maturity to release the numerous tiny 0.004-0.007 in. (0.1-0.2 mm) seeds.
Ecological Threat
Due to the cardiac glycoside digitoxin, in the leaves, flowers and seeds of this plant, it is poisonous to humans and some animals and can be fatal if eaten.

Selected Images


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foxglove
Digitalis purpurea
Plant(s)
Francis Gwyn Jones
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1586296

foxglove
Digitalis purpurea
Plant(s)
Joy Viola
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2136017

foxglove
Digitalis purpurea
Flower(s)
Barbara Tokarska-Guzik
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1196073

foxglove
Digitalis purpurea
Plant(s)
Tom Heutte
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5386508

foxglove
Digitalis purpurea
Flower(s)
Joseph M. DiTomaso
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1196075

foxglove
Digitalis purpurea
Flower(s)
Tom Heutte
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1196076

foxglove
Digitalis purpurea
Flower(s)
Tom Heutte
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1261101

foxglove
Digitalis purpurea
Flower(s)
Gil Wojciech
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5386509

foxglove
Digitalis purpurea
Flower(s)
Joseph M. DiTomaso
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5391621

foxglove
Digitalis purpurea
Flower(s)
Barry Rice

Maps


EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

EDDMapS Distribution

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

State Regulated List

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Scrophulariales
Family: Scrophulariaceae
Genus: Digitalis

Other System Links

Plants: DIPU
Bayer: DIKPU
GRIN: 13986
ITIS: 33585
NPDN Host: 31431

Synonyms and Other Names

Other Common Names:
purple foxglove

Categories

Category: Forbs/Herbs