BugwoodWiki Article

bermudagrass
Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers

Overview

Appearance
Cynodon dactylon is a warm-season, prostrate, perennial grass that occurs on almost all soil types.
Foliage
Leaves are gray-green and 1.5-5.9 in. (4-15 cm) long. The ligule has a ring of white hairs which is one of its identifying characteristics.
Flowers
Flowering occurs in late summer; flowers occur on 1-3 in. (3-7 cm) spikes.
Fruit
This grass spreads by scaly rhizomes and flat stolons that allow it to form a dense resilient turf.
Ecological Threat
Cynodon dactylon is native to eastern Africa and prefers moist and warm climates with high light. It was introduced into North America in the mid-1800s as a pasture grass. Cynodon dactylon is widely used as a turf grass.

General Description:

Cynodon dactylon is a warm-season, prostrate, perennial grass; it spreads by scaly rhizomes and flat stolons to form a dense resilient turf.

Diagnostic Characteristics:

The distinguishing characteristics of Cynodon dactylon are the conspicuous ring of white hairs of the ligule, the fringe of hairs on the keel of the lemma, and the gray-green appearance of the foliage.

Resources

Selected Images


1392213
1392213

bermudagrass
Cynodon dactylon
Plant(s)
Charles T. Bryson
1459056
1459056

bermudagrass
Cynodon dactylon
Spikelet(s)
Steve Dewey
1459060
1459060

bermudagrass
Cynodon dactylon
Plant(s)
Steve Dewey
1459938
1459938

bermudagrass
Cynodon dactylon
Plant(s)
Steve Dewey
1459940
1459940

bermudagrass
Cynodon dactylon
Foliage
Steve Dewey
5436598
5436598

bermudagrass
Cynodon dactylon
Plant(s)
Bruce Ackley
5344065
5344065

bermudagrass
Cynodon dactylon
Infestation
David J. Moorhead
5462891
5462891

bermudagrass
Cynodon dactylon
Fruit(s)
D. Walters and C. Southwick
5307023
5307023

bermudagrass
Cynodon dactylon
Fruit(s)
Steve Hurst
5462892
5462892

bermudagrass
Cynodon dactylon
Floret(s)
D. Walters and C. Southwick

Maps


EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

EDDMapS Distribution

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

State Regulated List

Most Troublesome / Most Common Agricultural Weed List
This map identifies those states that consider this species either most troublesome or most common in at least one commodity. For more information, visit the MTMC project page.

State Regulated List
Legend
   No Data for this state
   Troublesome or Common weed in one or more crops

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Subclass: Commelinidae
Order: Cyperales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Cynodon

Other System Links

Plants: CYDA
Bayer: CYNDA
GRIN: 12848
ITIS: 41619
NPDN Pest: PCAAZBA
NPDN Host: 33017

Synonyms and Other Names

Other Common Names:
common bermudagrass, devilgrass

Related Scientific Names:

Capriola dactylon (L.) Pers(Synonym)
Cynodon aristiglumis (L.) Pers(Synonym)
Panicum dactylon (L.) Pers(Synonym)

Categories

Category: Grass or Grasslike