- Cynodon dactylon is a warm-season, prostrate, perennial grass that occurs on almost all soil types.
- Leaves are gray-green and 1.5-5.9 in. (4-15 cm) long. The ligule has a ring of white hairs which is one of its identifying characteristics.
- Flowering occurs in late summer; flowers occur on 1-3 in. (3-7 cm) spikes.
- This grass spreads by scaly rhizomes and flat stolons that allow it to form a dense resilient turf.
- Ecological Threat
- Cynodon dactylon is native to eastern Africa and prefers moist and warm climates with high light. It was introduced into North America in the mid-1800s as a pasture grass. Cynodon dactylon is widely used as a turf grass.
Cynodon dactylon is a warm-season, prostrate, perennial grass; it spreads by scaly rhizomes and flat stolons to form a dense resilient turf.
The distinguishing characteristics of Cynodon dactylon are the conspicuous ring of white hairs of the ligule, the fringe of hairs on the keel of the lemma, and the gray-green appearance of the foliage.
- Element Stewardship Abstract - The Nature Conservancy
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EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
State Invasive List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their invasive species list. For more information, visit Invasive.org
Most Troublesome / Most Common Agricultural Weed List
This map identifies those states that consider this species either most troublesome or most common in at least one commodity. For more information, visit the MTMC project page.
|No Data for this state|
|Troublesome or Common weed in one or more crops|
Invasive Listing Sources
- Arkansas Noxious Weeds - Noxious
- California Invasive Plant Council
- California Noxious Weeds
- East Central Florida CISMA
- Faith Campbell, 1998
- Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council - Category 2
- Jackie Poole, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department (personal communication)
- Jil M. Swearingen, Survey of invasive plants occurring on National Park Service lands, 2000-2007
- John Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Survey of TNC Preserves, 1995.
- Mid-Atlantic Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2005
- Nonnative Invasive Species in Southern Forest and Grassland Ecosystems
- Treasure Coast Cooperative Invasive Species Mgmt. Area - EARLY DRAFT
- University of Hawaii, Botany Department, Hawaiian Alien Plant Studies, 1998
- Utah Noxious Weeds
- WeedUS - Database of Plants Invading Natural Areas in the United States
Other System LinksPlants: CYDA
NPDN Pest: PCAAZBA
NPDN Host: 33017
CategoriesCategory: Grass or Grasslike
|Common Name Reference:|| USDA, NRCS. 2010. The PLANTS Database. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA.|
|Scientific Name Reference:||USDA, NRCS. 2010. The PLANTS Database. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA.|