BugwoodWiki Article

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Cynara cardunculus L.

Overview

Appearance
Cynara cardunculus is a perennial herb that can grow up to about 5 ft. (1.5 m) tall.
Foliage
Stems are leafy, erect, and branched. Leaves are basal until bolting, then cauline leaves that are alternate, spiny, and gray green and cobwebby on the upper surface, are seen on the flower stalks.
Flowers
Flower heads are discoid, large, and seen in loose clusters on top of the stalk. The involucres are hemispheric, 2 in. (5 cm) in diameter having stout spines at the tips. Flowers are purple to blue, slender tubes, and linear.
Fruit
Fruits are white to brownish, cylindrical, compressed with many stiff bristles, 1-1.5 in. (2.5-3.8 cm), plumose below, and attached at base.
Ecological Threat
Cynara cardunculus prefers disturbed areas such as grassland, coastal scrubs, and fields. It is native to the Mediterranean.

Selected Images


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5374428

cardoon
Cynara cardunculus
Plant(s)
Joseph M. DiTomaso
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Cynara cardunculus
Plant(s)
John M. Randall
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cardoon
Cynara cardunculus
Plant(s)
John M. Randall
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cardoon
Cynara cardunculus
Flower(s)
Joseph M. DiTomaso
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5392093

cardoon
Cynara cardunculus
Flower(s)
John M. Randall
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Cynara cardunculus
Inflorescence(s)
Lyndon Photography
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Cynara cardunculus
Inflorescence(s)
Lyndon Photography
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cardoon
Cynara cardunculus
Inflorescence(s)
Lyndon Photography

Maps


EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

EDDMapS Distribution

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

State Regulated List

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Cynara

Other System Links

Plants: CYCA
GRIN: 12839
ITIS: 37221
NPDN Host: 13032

Synonyms and Other Names

Other Common Names:
artichoke thistle, wild artichoke

Categories

Category: Forbs/Herbs