swamp stonecrop
Crassula helmsii A. Berger


Crassula helmsii is an aquatic or semi-terrestrial succulent perennial herb that grows from 4-50 in. (10-130 cm) long. It has round stems that float on the water or creep along the ground. The stems root at the nodes. C. helmsii is native to Australia and New Zealand.
The opposite leaves of C. helmsii are sessile and succulent. Leaves are from 0.16-0.8 in. (4–20 mm) long by 0.03-0.06 in. (0.7–1.6 mm) wide. They are linear-lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate with an acute apex.
The inflorescence is borne singly in the axils of leaves. The flower has four petals which are white to pinkish and slightly longer than the sepals.
The fruit of C. helmsii is a single carpel containing up to 5 elliptical smooth seeds.
Ecological Threat
C. helmsii can establish monocultures that displace native plants, increase oxygen levels, cause flooding, obstruct water flow, and reduce recreational value of lakes or ponds. This plant can lead to an overall reduction in biodiversity.


State Regulated List

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosidae
Order: Rosales
Family: Crassulaceae
Genus: Crassula
Subject: Crassula helmsii A. Berger


Plants - Forbs/Herbs