lily of the valley
Convallaria majalis L.


Convallaria majalis is a perennial herbaceous rhizomatous plant that grows up to 12 in (30 cm) tall. It is native to Asia and Europe. Some sources list it as nonnative to North America and others list it as native.
The paired leaves are long elliptics growing up to 16.7 in (50 cm) long. Leaves are deciduous.
The bell like dainty white flowers are held on erect racemes and have a strong, sweet perfume and bloom in the spring.
The fruits are red berries.
Ecological Threat
C. majalis spreads quickly because of rhizomes which can form extensive colonies. It can tolerate full sun to full shade but prefers partial shade. Rich well drained moist soil is its preference. It has been planted extensively as an ornamental. Where it has escaped cultivation and spread into natural areas it can be invasive. It can spread by seed and rhizomes.

Selected Images


EDDMapS Distribution

EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Subclass: Liliidae
Order: Liliales
Family: Liliaceae
Genus: Convallaria
Subject: Convallaria majalis L.

Synonyms and Other Names

Other Common Names:
lily of the valley


Plants - Forbs/Herbs