BugwoodWiki Article

ivy gourd
Coccinia grandis (L.) Voigt

Overview

Appearance
Coccinia grandis is a perennial herbaceous vine. Also known as baby watermelon, it can grow up to 9 ft. (2.7 m) in length. In one day, it can grow up to 4 in. (10.2 cm).
Foliage
The stems are mostly glabrous and produced annually from a tuberous rootstock. The tendrils are simple and axillary. The alternate leaves are simple with the blade broadly ovate, 5-lobed, 2-3.5 in. (5-9 cm) x 1.6-3.5 in. (4-9 cm). Foliar surfaces are glabrous or scaly.
Flowers
The five petaled white flowers are about 1.2-1.8 in. (3-4.5 cm) long. They bloom from August-September.
Fruit
The fruit are smooth, bright red and ovoid to ellipsoid berries about 1-2.4 in. (2.5-6 cm) long.
Ecological Threat
Coccinia grandis vines grow over and smother vegetation, and cover fences and power lines. Infestations of Coccinia grandis threatens both natural and managed areas. It is difficult to control because plants regrow from deep roots, even after treatment with herbicide. It is native to Africa and Asia.

Selected Images


1149020
1149020

ivy gourd
Coccinia grandis
Plant(s)
USDA APHIS PPQ Archive
5409632
5409632

ivy gourd
Coccinia grandis
Plant(s)
Forest and Kim Starr
5421721
5421721

ivy gourd
Coccinia grandis
Plant(s)
Forest and Kim Starr
5409631
5409631

ivy gourd
Coccinia grandis
Flower(s)
Forest and Kim Starr
5412992
5412992

ivy gourd
Coccinia grandis
Plant(s)
Forest and Kim Starr
5412993
5412993

ivy gourd
Coccinia grandis
Plant(s)
Forest and Kim Starr
5412018
5412018

ivy gourd
Coccinia grandis
Plant(s)
Forest and Kim Starr
5412063
5412063

ivy gourd
Coccinia grandis
Plant(s)
Forest and Kim Starr

Maps


EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

EDDMapS Distribution

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

State Regulated List

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Dilleniidae
Order: Violales
Family: Cucurbitaceae
Genus: Coccinia

Other System Links

Plants: COGR9
GRIN: 10974
ITIS: 22358
NPDN Pest: PBLAQBA

Synonyms and Other Names

Other Common Names:
scarlet-fruited gourd

Categories

Category: Vines
Category: Forbs/Herbs