BugwoodWiki Article

common barberry
Berberis vulgaris L

Overview

Appearance
Berberis vulgaris is a deciduous shrub that can reach 13 ft. (4 m) in height. Arching branches which come into contact with the soil can produce new plants.
Foliage
The leaves are oval, 0.75-2 in. (2-5 cm) long, 0.25-0.75 in. (1-2 cm) wide, serrate and occur in clusters of 2-5. Each cluster of leaves is subtended by a short, three-branched spine.
Flowers
Flowering occurs in May to June, when small, yellow, less than 0.25 in. (6 mm) wide flowers develop in dangling racemes. The flowers have an unpleasant odor.
Fruit
Berries are red ellipsoids which are less than 0.3 in. (10 mm) in length and contain 1-3 small black seeds. The fruit is dispersed by birds and other wildlife.
Ecological Threat
Berberis vulgaris is shade tolerant which allows it to easily invade woodlands. It is also an alternate host for wheat rust (Puccinia graminis) which makes the control and removal of this invasive shrub of primary importance. It was introduced to America during the 17th century. Fruit of Berberis vulgaris was used to make jam, the flowers for dye and the thorny shrub provided effective livestock fencing. It is native to central and southern Europe.

Resources

Selected Images


5398449
5398449

common barberry
Berberis vulgaris
Plant(s)
Robert Vidéki
5448852
5448852

common barberry
Berberis vulgaris
Fruit(s)
Leslie J. Mehrhoff
5448850
5448850

common barberry
Berberis vulgaris
Flower(s)
Leslie J. Mehrhoff
5270043
5270043

common barberry
Berberis vulgaris
Foliage
Leslie J. Mehrhoff
5448867
5448867

common barberry
Berberis vulgaris
Feature(s)
Leslie J. Mehrhoff
5270045
5270045

common barberry
Berberis vulgaris
Feature(s)
Leslie J. Mehrhoff
5448857
5448857

common barberry
Berberis vulgaris
Foliage
Leslie J. Mehrhoff
5448977
5448977

common barberry
Berberis vulgaris
Foliage
Leslie J. Mehrhoff
5270042
5270042

common barberry
Berberis vulgaris
Flower(s)
Leslie J. Mehrhoff
5448880
5448880

common barberry
Berberis vulgaris
Flower(s)
Leslie J. Mehrhoff
5448990
5448990

common barberry
Berberis vulgaris
Fruit(s)
Leslie J. Mehrhoff
5350087
5350087

common barberry
Berberis vulgaris
Seed(s)
Steve Hurst

Maps


EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

EDDMapS Distribution

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

State Regulated List

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Magnoliidae
Order: Ranunculales
Family: Berberidaceae
Genus: Berberis

Other System Links

Plants: BEVU
Bayer: BEBVU
GRIN: 6992
ITIS: 18837
NPDN Pest: PAPABBD
NPDN Host: 34469

Synonyms and Other Names

Other Common Names:
common barberry, beet, epine-vinette, epine-vinette commune, European barberry, vinetteier

Categories

Category: Shrub or Subshrub