BugwoodWiki Article

common burdock
Arctium minus Bernh.

Overview

Appearance
Arctium minus grows up to 6 ft. (1.8 m) tall. It is a biennial forb that occurs throughout the United States. First year plants form large rosettes. A stout flowering stalk is formed in the second year.
Foliage
Stem leaves are large, heart-shaped and very hairy on the undersides. Basal leaves are dark green, heart-shaped and up to 1 ft. (0.3 m) long.
Flowers
Flowering occurs in July to October, when pink to purple flowers develop. Flowers are enclosed in a prickly bur.
Fruit
One plant typically produces 15,000 seeds. It reproduces by seeds.
Ecological Threat
Arctium minus can become a problematic invader of pastures, hay fields and open prairie ecosystems. It acts as a secondary host for pathogens, such as powdery mildew and root rot, which affect economically important plants. Arctium minus is native to Europe and came to the United States via accidental introduction. Indirectly affects the development of economically important plants by hosting powdery mildew and root rot. Reduces the value of sheep’s wool due to the seed heads entangling in it. It is responsible for tainting milk products if grazed in large quantities.

Resources

Selected Images


1358052
1358052

common burdock
Arctium minus
Plant(s)
Mary Ellen (Mel) Harte
1358056
1358056

common burdock
Arctium minus
Foliage
Mary Ellen (Mel) Harte
1358057
1358057

common burdock
Arctium minus
Foliage
Mary Ellen (Mel) Harte
1358058
1358058

common burdock
Arctium minus
Foliage
Mary Ellen (Mel) Harte
2155019
2155019

common burdock
Arctium minus
Flower(s)
John D. Byrd
5086031
5086031

common burdock
Arctium minus
Flower(s)
Mary Ellen (Mel) Harte
5306072
5306072

common burdock
Arctium minus
Plant(s)
USDA PLANTS Database
5306073
5306073

common burdock
Arctium minus
Fruit(s)
Steve Hurst

Maps


EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

EDDMapS Distribution

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

State Regulated List

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Arctium

Other System Links

Plants: ARMI2
Bayer: ARFMI
GRIN: 313517
ITIS: 36546
NPDN Pest: PBFAIBB
NPDN Host: 28141

Synonyms and Other Names

Other Common Names:
lesser burrdock, bardane, beggar's button, burdock, common burdock, small burdock, smaller burdock, wild burdock, wild rhubarb

Related Scientific Names:

Lappa minor Bernh.(Synonym)

Categories

Category: Forbs/Herbs