- Ardisia elliptica is a tall shrub or small tree that can reach heights of 20 ft. (6.1 m).
- The leathery leaves are 3-6 in. (7.6-15.2 cm) long, 1 in. (2.5 cm) wide, elliptical and entire.
- Most flowering occurs in the summer, but flowering can continue year-round. The flowers are small, pink, star-shaped and hang in clusters from the axils of the leaves.
- Fruits are drupes that are rounded, fleshy, 0.3 in. (8 mm) in diameter, and start out red in color but turn black or purple as they mature.
- Ecological Threat
- Ardisia elliptica grows well in low, wet areas and in old fields. This species is shade-tolerant. Birds eat the fruit and so disperse the seeds. Ardisia elliptica is a native of Southeast Asia and was introduced into the United States as an ornamental in the late 1800’s.
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EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
State Invasive List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their invasive species list. For more information, visit Invasive.org
Invasive Listing Sources
- East Central Florida CISMA
- Faith Campbell, 1998
- Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council - Category I
- Florida Keys Invasive Species Task Force - Category III
- Florida Noxious Weeds
- Jil M. Swearingen, Survey of invasive plants occurring on National Park Service lands, 2000-2007
- Reichard, Sarah. 1994. Assessing the potential of invasiveness in woody plants introduced in North America. University of Washington Ph.D. dissertation.
- Treasure Coast Cooperative Invasive Species Mgmt. Area - EARLY DRAFT
- University of Hawaii, Botany Department, Hawaiian Alien Plant Studies, 1998
- WeedUS - Database of Plants Invading Natural Areas in the United States
Other System LinksPlants: AREL4
NPDN Pest: PGJABBC
NPDN Host: 37431
|Common Name Reference:|| USDA, NRCS. 2010. The PLANTS Database. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA.|
|Scientific Name Reference:||USDA, NRCS. 2010. The PLANTS Database. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA.|