BugwoodWiki Article

absinth wormwood
Artemisia absinthium L.

Overview

Appearance
Artemisia absinthium is an herbaceous, perennial plant that can grow up to 5 ft. (1.5 m) tall. It has many branching stems arising from a woody base.
Foliage
Leaves are alternate, gray-green, 1-4 in. (2.5-10.2 cm) long and give off a strong sage-like scent when crushed. Lower leaves are divided into 2-3 segments and the upper leaves are not divided.
Flowers
Flowering occurs in midsummer, when pale yellow, tubular flowers develop in drooping heads in the axils of the leaves.
Fruit
Seeds are small and easily scattered being dispersed mainly by wind, water, and animals. Each stem can produce up to 50,000 seeds.
Ecological Threat
Artemisia absinthium invades open and disturbed sites such as pastures, rangelands, crop land, stream banks, prairies and old fields. The plant is native to Europe and was first introduced into the United States in the mid-1800s.

General Description

A. absinthium is a suffruticose perennial, two to five feet tall, with many branching stems. Artemisia absinthium is a member of the composite family (Compositae: Anthemideae).

Diagnostic Characteristics

Among the Artemisia, A. absinthium can be identified by the pistillate marginal flowers and perfect, fertile central flowers, a receptacle with long, woolly hairs, a coarse stem, and pinnately dissected leaves with oblong to linear-oblong leaf segments.

Resources

Selected Images


2117065
2117065

absinth wormwood
Artemisia absinthium
Plant(s)
Chris Evans
5306065
5306065

absinth wormwood
Artemisia absinthium
Fruit(s)
Steve Hurst
1358118
1358118

absinth wormwood
Artemisia absinthium
Flower(s)
Mary Ellen (Mel) Harte
2117068
2117068

absinth wormwood
Artemisia absinthium
Plant(s)
Chris Evans
2117070
2117070

absinth wormwood
Artemisia absinthium
Foliage
Chris Evans
5306064
5306064

absinth wormwood
Artemisia absinthium
Plant(s)
USDA PLANTS Database

Maps


EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

EDDMapS Distribution

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

State Regulated List

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Artemisia

Other System Links

Plants: ARAB3
Bayer: ARTAB
GRIN: 4274
ITIS: 35445
NPDN Pest: PBFAJBA

Synonyms and Other Names

Other Common Names:
absinthium, common wormwood

Related Scientific Names:

Artemisia absinthium ssp. insipida L.(Synonym)

Categories

Category: Shrub or Subshrub
Category: Forbs/Herbs