stinking chamomile
Anthemis cotula L


Anthemis cotula is an annual herbaceous plant in the sunflower family (Asteraceae) growing up to 2 ft (0.61 m) in height. The stems are erect, branching and become dark red with age. A. cotula has a fibrous root system along with a taproot. It is native to the Mediterranean but is now found worldwide.
A. cotula leaf blades are about 0 .75 - 2.5 in. (1.9-6.35 cm) long and 1 in. (2.54 cm) wide. The first leaves are opposite but become alternate as they ascend up the stem. Leaves are thick, finely dissected, slightly pilose and an unpleasant odor.
Flowers of A. cotula are held at the end of branches and are approximately 0.66 in. - 1.33 in. (1.68 - 3.38 cm) in diameter. Ray flowers are white with three distinct teeth and disk flowers are yellow.
A. cotula fruits are achenes approximately 0.05 - 0.07 in. (1.2 - 1.8 mm) long.
Ecological Threat
A. cotula is allelopathic, requires control in cropping systems, and may contaminate seed crops, requiring costly seed cleaning. Caution: Contact with A. cotula can cause irritations and rashes to workers and livestock. Milk of dairy animals develops a strong unpleasant flavor after consuming A. cotula.


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EDDMapS Distribution

EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit

State Regulated List

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Anthemis
Subject: Anthemis cotula L

Synonyms and Other Names

Other Common Names:
chamomile, dog fennel, dogfennel, mayweed, mayweed chamomile, mayweed dogfennel, stinkweed

Related Scientific Names:
Maruta cotula L. (Synonym)


Plants - Forbs/Herbs