summer snowflake
Leucojum aestivum L.


Leucojum aestivum is a perennial herb that can grow from 1-1.5 ft. (0.3-0.5 m) tall.
Leaves are dark green, 12 in. (30.5 cm) long and 1 in. (2.5 cm) wide, and form an upright often vase shaped clump of foliage.
Flowers are white with green tips, nodding, bell shaped, and are found in groups of 2 to 5 at the top of hollow flower scapes that are 12-15 in. (30.5-38.1 cm) tall. Flowering occurs in spring.
This plant can be grown from seed or bulbs. Seeds are round, dark brown to black in color.
Ecological Threat
Leucojum aestivum can be found in marshes, wet meadows, wetlands, and willow thickets. It is native to Europe.


Selected Images


EDDMapS Distribution

EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Subclass: Liliidae
Order: Liliales
Family: Liliaceae
Genus: Leucojum
Subject: Leucojum aestivum L.


Plants - Forbs/Herbs