BugwoodWiki Article

velvetleaf
Abutilon theophrasti Medik

Overview

Appearance

Abutilon theophrasti is an erect annual herb with a shrub like growth habit. They can reach 7 ft. (2.1 m) in height and are often unbranched. Stems are erect and covered with soft hairs. The plant’s taproots have fibrous root systems.

Foliage

Leaves are alternate, heart-shaped, and acuminate (gradually tapering to a point). Leaves are approximately 2-6 in. (5.1-15.2 cm) long and wide. They are densely hairy on both surfaces, with toothed margins. Leaves have palmate venation (veins originate from a common point). The leaves emit an unpleasant odor when crushed.

Flowers

Flowers can be found singly or in clusters. They are yellow with 5 petals and 0.4-1 in. (1-2.5 cm) in diameter. Flowering occurs from July through August

Fruit

Abutilon theophrasti fruit is a circular capsule fruit about 1 in. (2.5 cm) in diameter. Each capsule contains a ring of 'prickles' around the upper edge. Fruits contain 2 to 3 seeds each.

Ecological Threat

Abutilon theophrasti is a native of China. Cultivated as a source of fiber and oil; it has escaped cultivation invading orchards, cotton, corn, soybeans, and vegetable fields causing serious damage. Abutilon theophrasti seeds can remain viable in the soil for over 50 years. It is especially invasive in disturbed habitats. It is found across the United States.

Herbicide Resistance

Populations of this plant exist in the United States that are resistant to Photosystem II inhibitors (C1/5)

Resources

Selected Images


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5403600

velvetleaf
Abutilon theophrasti
Seed(s)
Rebekah D. Wallace
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1459824

velvetleaf
Abutilon theophrasti
Plant(s)
Steve Dewey
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5439888

velvetleaf
Abutilon theophrasti
Fruit(s)
Rebekah D. Wallace
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5386885

velvetleaf
Abutilon theophrasti
Fruit(s)
Joseph M. DiTomaso
5439889
5439889

velvetleaf
Abutilon theophrasti
Flower(s)
Rebekah D. Wallace
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1391255

velvetleaf
Abutilon theophrasti
Seedling(s)
John D. Byrd
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5138071

velvetleaf
Abutilon theophrasti
Foliage
Lynn Sosnoskie
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2100001

velvetleaf
Abutilon theophrasti
Plant(s)
Charles T. Bryson
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5362835

velvetleaf
Abutilon theophrasti
Infestation
Phil Westra
1559384
1559384

velvetleaf
Abutilon theophrasti
Seedling(s)
Ohio State Weed Lab Archive
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5399366

velvetleaf
Abutilon theophrasti
Seed(s)
Robert Vidéki
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1559377

velvetleaf
Abutilon theophrasti
Seed(s)
Ken Chamberlain

Maps


EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

EDDMapS Distribution

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

State Regulated List

Most Troublesome / Most Common Agricultural Weed List
This map identifies those states that consider this species either most troublesome or most common in at least one commodity. For more information, visit the MTMC project page.

State Regulated List
Legend
   No Data for this state
   Troublesome or Common weed in one or more crops

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Dilleniidae
Order: Malvales
Family: Malvaceae
Genus: Abutilon

Other System Links

Plants: ABTH
Bayer: ABUTH
GRIN: 757
ITIS: 21674
NPDN Pest: PDAABBB
NPDN Host: 31741

Synonyms and Other Names

Other Common Names:
butterprint, buttonweed, Indian mallow, velvetleaf Indian mallow, pie-maker

Categories

Category: Forbs/Herbs