BugwoodWiki Article

big periwinkle
Vinca major L.

Overview

Appearance
Evergreen to semievergreen vines, some-what woody, trailing or scrambling to 3 ft. (1 m) long and upright to 1 ft. (30 cm).
Foliage
Foliage is opposite, glossy and hairless, some-what thick, with margins slightly rolled under. Leaves are heart-shaped to somewhat triangular to elliptic, 1.5-2.5 in. (4-6 cm) long and 1-1.5 in. (2.5-4 cm) wide, with petioles 0.2-0.4 in. (5-10 mm) long.
Flowers
Violet to blue lavender (to white), with five petals radiating pinwheel-like at right angles from the floral tube. Flowers from 1.5-2 in. (4-5 cm) wide with a 0.6-0.8 in. (1.5-2 cm) long tube. Five sepals long lanceo-late, about 0.4 in. (1 cm), hairy margined. Blooms April to May, then sporadically to September.
Fruit
Slender, cylindrical fruit up to 2 in. (5 cm) long. Splitting when dry to release three to five seeds.
Ecological Threat
Found around old homesites and scattered in open to dense canopied forests. Forms mats and extensive infestations even under forest canopies by vines rooting at nodes. Introduced from Europe in 1700s. Ornamental ground cover, commonly sold and planted by gardeners.

Resources

Selected Images


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0016132

big periwinkle
Vinca major
Feature(s)
James H. Miller
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0016133

big periwinkle
Vinca major
Feature(s)
James H. Miller
0016134
0016134

big periwinkle
Vinca major
Foliage
James H. Miller
0016238
0016238

big periwinkle
Vinca major
Plant(s)
James H. Miller
1380417
1380417

big periwinkle
Vinca major
Flower(s)
Chris Evans
1380423
1380423

big periwinkle
Vinca major
Plant(s)
Chris Evans
2307172
2307172

big periwinkle
Vinca major
Flower(s)
Barry Rice
5163037
5163037

big periwinkle
Vinca major
Flower(s)
Forest and Kim Starr
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5204067

big periwinkle
Vinca major
Foliage
Pedro Tenorio-Lezama
5306022
5306022

big periwinkle
Vinca major
Infestation
Nancy Loewenstein
5306023
5306023

big periwinkle
Vinca major
Infestation
Nancy Loewenstein
5309030
5309030

big periwinkle
Vinca major
Seed(s)
Steve Hurst

Maps


EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

EDDMapS Distribution

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

State Regulated List

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Genus: Vinca

Other System Links

Plants: VIMA
Bayer: VINMA
GRIN: 41679
ITIS: 30237
NPDN Host: 33104

Synonyms and Other Names

Other Common Names:
bigleaf periwinkle, large periwinkle, greater periwinkle, periwinkle

Categories

Category: Vines
Category: Forbs/Herbs