BugwoodWiki Article

Mediterranean sage
Salvia aethiopis L.

Overview

Appearance
Salvia aethiopis is a biennial plant with square stems reaching up to 3 ft. (0.9 m) tall.
Foliage
Fine, woolly hairs cover the stems, new leaves and leaf undersides. Mature plants become less hairy and develop prominent venation on the leaves. Rosette leaves are grayish-green, petiolate and 4-12 in. (10.2-30.5 cm) long. Rosettes can be 1-4 ft. (0.3-1.2 m) in diameter. The stem leaves are opposite, smaller than the rosette leaves and aromatic (sage-like) when crushed. Leaves become smaller toward the apex of the stem.
Flowers
Flowering stems are highly branched and develop in June to August. The flowers are yellow to whitish and bilabiate (two lipped corolla).
Fruit
Four smooth nutlets with dark veins develop from each flower. Mature plants break off and become tumbleweeds, easily spreading as many as 100,000 seeds each.
Ecological Threat
S. aethiopis is typically found in degraded sagebrush communities, disturbed sites, fields, rangelands, roadsides and some agronomic crops. Mediterranean sage is a state-listed noxious weed in Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, Oregon and Washington. The plant is native to Europe and may have been introduced in contaminated alfalfa seed.

Selected Images


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Mediterranean sage
Salvia aethiopis
Plant(s)
Eric Coombs
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Mediterranean sage
Salvia aethiopis
Flower(s)
Eric Coombs
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Mediterranean sage
Salvia aethiopis
Infestation
Eric Coombs
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Mediterranean sage
Salvia aethiopis
Plant(s)
Eric Coombs
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Mediterranean sage
Salvia aethiopis
Infestation
Eric Coombs
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Mediterranean sage
Salvia aethiopis
Plant(s)
Lloyd Andres
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Mediterranean sage
Salvia aethiopis
Plant(s)
Vince Belleci
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Mediterranean sage
Salvia aethiopis
Seed(s)
Steve Hurst

Maps


EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

EDDMapS Distribution

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

State Regulated List

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Salvia

Other System Links

Plants: SAAE
Bayer: SALAE
GRIN: 32902
ITIS: 32696
NPDN Pest: PCOAQBA

Synonyms and Other Names

Other Common Names:
African sage

Categories

Category: Forbs/Herbs