BugwoodWiki Article

turkeyberry
Solanum torvum Sw.

Overview

Appearance
Solanum torvum Turkey berry is a broadleaved, evergreen, shrub or small tree that invades a variety of ecosystems in Florida. Plants can grow to 16 ft. (4.9 m) in height. The stems are armed with stout, straight or lightly curved prickles.
Foliage
The alternate leaves are elliptical. Leaves are up to 10 in. (25 cm) long, 3 in. (7 cm) wide, wavy along the margins and have prickles on the veins.
Flowers
Solanum torvum has small, white flowers that occur in large, branched clusters. Plants flower continuously after reaching a height of 3.3-4.9 ft. (1-1.5 m).
Fruit
The fruits are small green berries that turn yellow when ripe.
Ecological Threat
Although Solanum torvum has only been found several times in Florida, it has the potential to invade a variety of sites, both wet and dry. Once established, it can sprout from the roots, creating large thickets that could displace native vegetation. Solanum torvum is found throughout the world’s tropical regions and was introduced into Florida sometime before 1900 for cultivation trials.

Resources

Selected Images


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5159076

turkeyberry
Solanum torvum
Plant(s)
Forest and Kim Starr
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5159074

turkeyberry
Solanum torvum
Plant(s)
Forest and Kim Starr
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turkeyberry
Solanum torvum
Flower(s)
Nancy Coile
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turkeyberry
Solanum torvum
Plant(s)
Nancy Coile
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turkeyberry
Solanum torvum
Fruit(s)
Cesar Calderon
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turkeyberry
Solanum torvum
Feature(s)
Forest and Kim Starr
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5159080

turkeyberry
Solanum torvum
Plant(s)
Forest and Kim Starr
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5161065

turkeyberry
Solanum torvum
Flower(s)
Forest and Kim Starr
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5161067

turkeyberry
Solanum torvum
Fruit(s)
Forest and Kim Starr
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5290014

turkeyberry
Solanum torvum
Fruit(s)
Florida Division of Plant Industry Archive
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turkeyberry
Solanum torvum
Flower(s)
Ken A. Langeland
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turkeyberry
Solanum torvum
Seed(s)
Steve Hurst

Maps


EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

EDDMapS Distribution

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

State Regulated List

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Solanum

Other System Links

Plants: SOTO4
Bayer: SOLTO
GRIN: 101441
ITIS: 30460
NPDN Pest: PEWAIBI

Synonyms and Other Names

Other Common Names:
turkey berry, devil's fig, turkeyberry

Related Scientific Names:

Solanum ficifolium Swartz(Synonym)

Categories

Category: Forbs/Herbs
Category: Shrub or Subshrub