- Solanum torvum Turkey berry is a broadleaved, evergreen, shrub or small tree that invades a variety of ecosystems in Florida. Plants can grow to 16 ft. (4.9 m) in height. The stems are armed with stout, straight or lightly curved prickles.
- The alternate leaves are elliptical. Leaves are up to 10 in. (25 cm) long, 3 in. (7 cm) wide, wavy along the margins and have prickles on the veins.
- Solanum torvum has small, white flowers that occur in large, branched clusters. Plants flower continuously after reaching a height of 3.3-4.9 ft. (1-1.5 m).
- The fruits are small green berries that turn yellow when ripe.
- Ecological Threat
- Although Solanum torvum has only been found several times in Florida, it has the potential to invade a variety of sites, both wet and dry. Once established, it can sprout from the roots, creating large thickets that could displace native vegetation. Solanum torvum is found throughout the world’s tropical regions and was introduced into Florida sometime before 1900 for cultivation trials.
- Biological Control of Invasive Plants in the Eastern United States - USDA Forest Service
- Federal Noxious Weed Disseminules of the U.S. - USDA-APHIS
- Images and Information - University of Florida - Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants
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EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
State Invasive List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their invasive species list. For more information, visit Invasive.org
Invasive Listing Sources
- California Noxious Weeds
- Faith Campbell, 1998
- Federal Noxious Weeds
- Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council - Category II
- Florida Keys Invasive Species Task Force - Category III
- Florida Noxious Weeds
- Massachusetts Noxious Weeds
- Minnesota Noxious Weeds
- Nonnative Invasive Species in Southern Forest and Grassland Ecosystems
- North Carolina Noxious Weeds - Class A
- South Carolina Noxious Weeds
- Treasure Coast Cooperative Invasive Species Mgmt. Area - EARLY DRAFT
- USDA APHIS Regulated Pest List
- Vermont Noxious Weeds
- WeedUS - Database of Plants Invading Natural Areas in the United States
|Common Name Reference:|| Weed Science Society of America Common Names List|
|Scientific Name Reference:||USDA, NRCS. 2010. The PLANTS Database. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA.|