BugwoodWiki Article

puncturevine
Tribulus terrestris L.

Overview

Appearance
Tribulus terrestris is an annual, low-spreading forb native to the Mediterranean.
Foliage
Leaves are opposite, hairy, 1-3 in. (2.5-7.6 cm) long, and divided into 8-18 oblong leaflets.
Flowers
Flowering occurs from midsummer to frost, when 5-petaled, yellow, 0.5 in. (1.27 cm) wide flowers develop singly in the axils of the leaves.
Fruit
Fruit are circular, spiny burs that split into 5 sections. Burs can cause injury to bicycle tires, bare feet, and even small truck tires.
Ecological Threat
Plants invade roadsides, pastures, fields and other disturbed areas. Plants are toxic to sheep and other grazers.

Selected Images


1459483
1459483

puncturevine
Tribulus terrestris
Plant(s)
Steve Dewey
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2100039

puncturevine
Tribulus terrestris
Foliage
Charles T. Bryson
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1459477

puncturevine
Tribulus terrestris
Plant(s)
Steve Dewey
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1459476

puncturevine
Tribulus terrestris
Plant(s)
Steve Dewey
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5160056

puncturevine
Tribulus terrestris
Flower(s)
Forest and Kim Starr
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5162037

puncturevine
Tribulus terrestris
Flower(s)
Forest and Kim Starr
1459479
1459479

puncturevine
Tribulus terrestris
Flower(s)
Steve Dewey
5160055
5160055

puncturevine
Tribulus terrestris
Fruit(s)
Forest and Kim Starr
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5309020

puncturevine
Tribulus terrestris
Fruit(s)
Steve Hurst
1459484
1459484

puncturevine
Tribulus terrestris
Fruit(s)
Utah State University Archive
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5309019

puncturevine
Tribulus terrestris
Plant(s)
USDA PLANTS Database
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1459486

puncturevine
Tribulus terrestris
Feature(s)
Utah State University Archive

Maps


EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

EDDMapS Distribution

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

State Regulated List

Most Troublesome / Most Common Agricultural Weed List
This map identifies those states that consider this species either most troublesome or most common in at least one commodity. For more information, visit the MTMC project page.

State Regulated List
Legend
   No Data for this state
   Troublesome or Common weed in one or more crops

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosidae
Order: Sapindales
Family: Zygophyllaceae
Genus: Tribulus

Other System Links

Plants: TRTE
Bayer: TRBTE
GRIN: 100965
ITIS: 29057
NPDN Pest: PFMAFBB
NPDN Host: 36489

Synonyms and Other Names

Other Common Names:
bullhead, caltrop, goathead, Mexican sandbur, puncture vine, Texas sandbur

Categories

Category: Vines