BugwoodWiki Article

black turpentine beetle
Dendroctonus terebrans (Olivier, 1795)

Overview

Origin
Dendroctonus terebrans is native to the Americas.
Life Cycle
The BTB life cycle lasts for 10 to 16 weeks, depending on temperature. Females begin gallery construction and are joined by the males that help excavate egg galleries. Egg galleries normally extend from the point of entry downward and parallel to the grain of the wood. Females deposit eggs in groups along one side of the gallery. After the eggs hatch, the larvae feed side by-side in large groups during their development, resulting in a "feeding patch". Fully-grown larvae are about 0.5 in. (12 mm) long. Three or more generations occur each year in Georgia.
Distribution
Dendroctonus terebrans, the black turpentine beetle is found from New Hampshire south to Florida and from West Virginia to east Texas. Attacks have been observed on all pines native to the South. Dendroctonus terebrans is most serious in pine naval stores, pines stressed for lightwood production, and damaged pines in urban areas.
Control Efforts
Natural enemies and good tree vigor generally keep black turpentine beetle populations at low levels. Newly attacked trees can often be saved by spraying the base to the highest pitch tube on the trunk with an approved insecticide. Preventive sprays are also effective for high value trees. The prompt removal of infested trees also helps to control outbreaks. Forest management practices which promote tree vigor and minimize root and trunk damage help prevent infestations.

Selected Images


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2161059

black turpentine beetle
Dendroctonus terebrans
Adult(s)
Pest and Diseases Image Library
1669049
1669049

black turpentine beetle
Dendroctonus terebrans
Damage
North Carolina State University Archive
2089089
2089089

black turpentine beetle
Dendroctonus terebrans
Adult(s)
Lacy L. Hyche
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black turpentine beetle
Dendroctonus terebrans
Adult(s)
Pest and Diseases Image Library
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2161065

black turpentine beetle
Dendroctonus terebrans
Adult(s)
Pest and Diseases Image Library
2516001
2516001

black turpentine beetle
Dendroctonus terebrans
Adult(s)
David T. Almquist
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black turpentine beetle
Dendroctonus terebrans
Adult(s)
Clemson University - USDA Cooperative Extension Slide Series
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black turpentine beetle
Dendroctonus terebrans
Damage
USDA Forest Service Archive
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2161063

black turpentine beetle
Dendroctonus terebrans
Feature(s)
Pest and Diseases Image Library
0284034
0284034

black turpentine beetle
Dendroctonus terebrans
Life Cycle
Gerald J. Lenhard
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2161061

black turpentine beetle
Dendroctonus terebrans
Feature(s)
Pest and Diseases Image Library
0007011
0007011

black turpentine beetle
Dendroctonus terebrans
Larva(e)
Gerald J. Lenhard

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Atelocerata
Class: Hexapoda (including Insecta)
Infraclass: Neoptera
Subclass: Pterygota
Order: Coleoptera
Suborder: Polyphaga
Infraorder: Cucujiformia
Superfamily: Curculionoidea
Family: Curculionidae
Subfamily: Scolytinae
Tribe: Hylesinini: Tomicina
Genus: Dendroctonus

Other System Links

ITIS: 114923