BugwoodWiki Article

multiflora rose
Rosa multiflora Thunb.

Overview

Appearance
Rosa multiflora is a multistemmed, thorny, perennial shrub that grows up to 15 ft. (4.6 m) tall. The stems are green to red arching canes which are round in cross section and have stiff, curved thorns.
Foliage
Leaves are pinnately compound with 7-9 leaflets. Leaflets are oblong, 1-1.5 in. (2.5-3.8 cm) long and have serrated edges. The fringed petioles of Rosa multiflora usually distinguish it from most other rose species.
Flowers
Small, white to pinkish, 5-petaled flowers occur abundantly in clusters on the plant in the spring.
Fruit
Fruit are small, red rose hips that remain on the plant throughout the winter. Birds and other wildlife eat the fruit and disperse the seeds.
Ecological Threat
Rosa multiflora forms impenetrable thickets in pastures, fields, and forest edges. It restricts human, livestock, and wildlife movement and displaces native vegetation. It tolerates a wide range of conditions allowing it to invade habitats across the United States. Rosa multiflora is native to Asia and was first introduced to North America in 1866 as rootstock for ornamental roses. During the mid 1900s it was widely planted as a “living fence” for livestock control.

Resources

Selected Images


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0016232

multiflora rose
Rosa multiflora
Flower(s)
James H. Miller
5274047
5274047

multiflora rose
Rosa multiflora
Flower(s)
Leslie J. Mehrhoff
0016231
0016231

multiflora rose
Rosa multiflora
Flower(s)
James H. Miller
0016089
0016089

multiflora rose
Rosa multiflora
Plant(s)
James H. Miller
1120587
1120587

multiflora rose
Rosa multiflora
Plant(s)
James H. Miller & Ted Bodner
1380237
1380237

multiflora rose
Rosa multiflora
Feature(s)
Chris Evans
1380238
1380238

multiflora rose
Rosa multiflora
Foliage
Chris Evans
2307109
2307109

multiflora rose
Rosa multiflora
Foliage
James H. Miller
2189044
2189044

multiflora rose
Rosa multiflora
Plant(s)
Chris Evans
2307113
2307113

multiflora rose
Rosa multiflora
Fruit(s)
James H. Miller
2307116
2307116

multiflora rose
Rosa multiflora
Twig(s)/Shoot(s)
James H. Miller
5274046
5274046

multiflora rose
Rosa multiflora
Feature(s)
Leslie J. Mehrhoff
5274049
5274049

multiflora rose
Rosa multiflora
Fruit(s)
Leslie J. Mehrhoff
5308076
5308076

multiflora rose
Rosa multiflora
Seed(s)
Steve Hurst
1299193
1299193

multiflora rose
Rosa multiflora
Infestation
Randy Westbrooks
5344037
5344037

multiflora rose
Rosa multiflora
Infestation
Nancy Dagley
5344038
5344038

multiflora rose
Rosa multiflora
Control
Nancy Dagley
5344039
5344039

multiflora rose
Rosa multiflora
Control
Nancy Dagley
5344040
5344040

multiflora rose
Rosa multiflora
Control
Nancy Dagley
5344041
5344041

multiflora rose
Rosa multiflora
Control
Nancy Dagley
5344042
5344042

multiflora rose
Rosa multiflora
Infestation
Nancy Dagley
5344061
5344061

multiflora rose
Rosa multiflora
Control
Nancy Dagley
5344064
5344064

multiflora rose
Rosa multiflora
Infestation
Nancy Dagley

Maps


EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

EDDMapS Distribution

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

State Regulated List

Most Troublesome / Most Common Agricultural Weed List
This map identifies those states that consider this species either most troublesome or most common in at least one commodity. For more information, visit the MTMC project page.

State Regulated List
Legend
   No Data for this state
   Troublesome or Common weed in one or more crops

Invasive Listing Sources

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosidae
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Rosa

Other System Links

Plants: ROMU
Bayer: ROSMU
GRIN: 32108
ITIS: 24833
NPDN Pest: PELASBK
NPDN Host: 34098

Categories

Category: Shrub or Subshrub
Category: Vines