white poplar
Populus alba L.


Populus alba is a tree that can grow 40-80 ft. (12.2-24.4 m) tall and 40-50 ft. (12.2-15.2 m) wide. The bark on young trees is smooth and greenish white becoming gray and wrinkled, as trees age.
The leaves resemble maple leaves, but the topside of leaves are shiny, dark green while the underside is bright white and hairy. Leaves are 2-4 in. (5.1-10.2 cm) long.
Flowers are inconspicuous and develop in slim, cylindrical flower clusters (catkins) before the leaves develop.
Fruit are small, hairy seed pods that are spread by wind.
Ecological Threat
Branches are susceptible to breakage when under stress, such as heavy snow or ice. Trees produce prolific rootsprouts. Populus alba is native to Eurasia and grows best in full sun.


Selected Images


EDDMapS Distribution

EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

State Regulated List

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Dilleniidae
Order: Salicales
Family: Salicaceae
Genus: Populus
Subject: Populus alba L.


Plants - Hardwood Trees