BugwoodWiki Article

golden bamboo
Phyllostachys aurea Carr. ex A.& C. Rivière

Overview

Appearance
Phyllostachys aurea is a perennial, reed-like plant that can reach heights of 16-40 ft. (5-12 m). The canes (stems) are hollow with solid joints and can be 1-6 in. (2.5-15.2 cm) in diameter.
Foliage
Leaves are alternate, 3-10 in. (7.6-25.4 cm) long and 0.25-0.75 in. (0.6-1.9 cm) wide.
Flowers
Flowering is very rare (maybe once every 7 to 12 years).
Fruit
Plants spread by rhizomes.
Ecological Threat
Infestations are commonly found around old homesites and can rapidly expand in size. Phyllostachys aurea can form dense, monocultural thickets that displace native species. Once this plant is established, it is difficult to remove. It is native to China and was first introduced into the United States in 1882 for ornamental purposes.

Resources

Selected Images


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golden bamboo
Phyllostachys aurea
Stem(s)
James R. Allison
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golden bamboo
Phyllostachys aurea
Plant(s)
James H. Miller
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golden bamboo
Phyllostachys aurea
Foliage
James H. Miller
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0016171

golden bamboo
Phyllostachys aurea
Plant(s)
James H. Miller
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1237036

golden bamboo
Phyllostachys aurea
Plant(s)
Chuck Bargeron
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1237038

golden bamboo
Phyllostachys aurea
Plant(s)
Chuck Bargeron
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1237039

golden bamboo
Phyllostachys aurea
Infestation
Chuck Bargeron
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1380173

golden bamboo
Phyllostachys aurea
Stem(s)
Chris Evans
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2307214

golden bamboo
Phyllostachys aurea
Foliage
James H. Miller
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2307219

golden bamboo
Phyllostachys aurea
Stem(s)
James H. Miller
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5308054

golden bamboo
Phyllostachys aurea
Fruit(s)
Steve Hurst
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5472507

golden bamboo
Phyllostachys aurea
Stem(s)
David Stephens

Maps


EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

EDDMapS Distribution

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

State Regulated List

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Subclass: Commelinidae
Order: Cyperales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Bambusoideae
Tribe: Arundinarieae
Genus: Phyllostachys

Other System Links

Plants: PHAU8
GRIN: 28147
ITIS: 42023
NPDN Host: 34895

Categories

Category: Grass or Grasslike
Category: Shrub or Subshrub