- Phyllostachys aurea is a perennial, reed-like plant that can reach heights of 16-40 ft. (5-12 m). The canes (stems) are hollow with solid joints and can be 1-6 in. (2.5-15.2 cm) in diameter.
- Leaves are alternate, 3-10 in. (7.6-25.4 cm) long and 0.25-0.75 in. (0.6-1.9 cm) wide.
- Flowering is very rare (maybe once every 7 to 12 years).
- Plants spread by rhizomes.
- Ecological Threat
- Infestations are commonly found around old homesites and can rapidly expand in size. Phyllostachys aurea can form dense, monocultural thickets that displace native species. Once this plant is established, it is difficult to remove. It is native to China and was first introduced into the United States in 1882 for ornamental purposes.
- Nonnative Invasive Plants of Southern Forests - USDA Forest Service
- Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council Invasive Plant Manual - SE-EPPC
- Plant Invaders of Mid-Atlantic Natural Areas - National Park Service and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
- Weed of the Week - USDA Forest Service
- Invasive Species Management Plans for Florida - University of Florida - Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants
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EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
State Invasive List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their invasive species list. For more information, visit Invasive.org
Invasive Listing Sources
- Alabama Invasive Plant Council
- Apalachicola Invasive Working Group
- East Central Florida CISMA
- Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council - Category II
- Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council - Category 2
- Jil M. Swearingen, Survey of invasive plants occurring on National Park Service lands, 2000-2007
- Maryland Cooperative Extension Service. 2003. Invasive Plant Control in Maryland. Home and Garden Information Center, Home and Garden Mimeo HG88. 4 pp.
- Maryland Department of Natural Resources, 1994
- Mid-Atlantic Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2005
- Nonnative Invasive Species in Southern Forest and Grassland Ecosystems
- Pennypack Ecological Restoration Trust, Pennsylvania.
- South Carolina Exotic Pest Plant Council - Severe Threat
- Treasure Coast Cooperative Invasive Species Mgmt. Area - EARLY DRAFT
- Virginia Invasive Plant Species List
- WeedUS - Database of Plants Invading Natural Areas in the United States
|Common Name Reference:|| USDA, NRCS. 2010. The PLANTS Database. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA.|
|Scientific Name Reference:||USDA, NRCS. 2010. The PLANTS Database. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA.|