BugwoodWiki Article

skunk-vine
Paederia foetida L.

Overview

Appearance
Paederia foetida is a perennial, climbing or trailing vine that can grow to 30 ft. (9.1 m) long. Plants originate from a woody root-stock and can invade natural and disturbed areas of Hawaii and the southeastern United States.
Foliage
The opposite leaves are up to 4.5 in. (11.4 cm) long, lance-shaped, often lobed at the base, and on petioles up to 2.5 in. (6.4 cm) long. The stems and leaves have a strong, unpleasant odor when crushed, giving this plant its common name, skunk-vine.
Flowers
Flowering occurs in late summer to fall, when small, pink or lilac flowers occur in clusters, either terminally or in leaf axils.
Fruit
Fruit are nearly-round, shiny, brown and up to 0.3 in. (0.7 cm) wide.
Ecological Threat
Paederia foetida has the potential to invade a large variety of disturbed and high quality habitats. Currently, it is widespread in Florida and in small areas of other southeastern states and Hawaii. Trailing infestations can completely cover and kill low-growing plants and small shrubs. Climbing infestations can strangle even large trees and restrict light availability to species below. Paederia foetida is native to Asia and was first introduced into the United States before 1897 as a potential fiber plant.

Resources

Selected Images


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1237062

skunk-vine
Paederia foetida
Flower(s)
Gerald D. Carr
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2132007

skunk-vine
Paederia foetida
Flower(s)
Chris Evans
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2132039

skunk-vine
Paederia foetida
Infestation
David J. Moorhead
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2132041

skunk-vine
Paederia foetida
Foliage
David J. Moorhead
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2150089

skunk-vine
Paederia foetida
Infestation
Chris Evans
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skunk-vine
Paederia foetida
Flower(s)
Chris Evans
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2150092

skunk-vine
Paederia foetida
Plant(s)
Chris Evans
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2150094

skunk-vine
Paederia foetida
Foliage
Chris Evans
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2150099

skunk-vine
Paederia foetida
Foliage
Chris Evans
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2151006

skunk-vine
Paederia foetida
Flower(s)
Chris Evans
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5159049

skunk-vine
Paederia foetida
Flower(s)
Forest and Kim Starr
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5308036

skunk-vine
Paederia foetida
Seed(s)
Steve Hurst

Maps


EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

EDDMapS Distribution

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

State Regulated List

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Rubiales
Family: Rubiaceae
Genus: Paederia

Other System Links

Plants: PAFO3
Bayer: PAEFO
GRIN: 26300
ITIS: 35085
NPDN Pest: PEMALPA

Synonyms and Other Names

Other Common Names:
skunk vine, stinkvine

Related Scientific Names:

Paederia scandens L.(Synonym)

Categories

Category: Vines
Category: Shrub or Subshrub