- Najas minor is an herbaceous, aquatic annual with stems that can grow 4-7.75 in. (10-20 cm) long. These stems can be up to 0.04 in. (1 mm) thick.
- The oppositely arranged, dark green leaves become recurved as they age, and have serrulate margins with 7-15 small teeth on each side. The leaf base is truncate or lobed. The leaves measure 0.2-1.25 in. (0.5-3.5 cm) long and 0.007-0.05 in. (0.1-1.2 mm) wide.
- Najas minor is a monoecious plant, with 1-2 flowers per axil. The male flowers are located distally and are 0.08 in. (1.9-2.2 mm) in size. The involucre has two lobes and the beaks are 0.02-0.08 in. (0.4-2.1 mm) in length. The female flowers are located in the distal to proximal axils and measure 0.8 in. (2.2 mm) in size.
- The spindle-shaped seeds of this plant are 0.05-0.1 in. (1.5-3 mm) in size and purple colored.
- Ecological Threat
- Najas minor has the ability to form thick stands that can cover or clog a lake or stream. This plant is extremely brittle, which allows it to fragment and get moved via boats, waterfowl and river channels. Waterfowl readily eat and move this plant from waterbody to waterbody. In North Carolina, this plant is reported to out-compete other exotics such as Hydrilla verticillata. This plant needs to be watched, contained or removed if found.
- Invasive Plant Atlas of New England - University of Connecticut
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EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
State Invasive List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their invasive species list. For more information, visit Invasive.org
Invasive Listing Sources
- Alabama Noxious Weeds - Class C Noxious Weed
- Connecticut Invasive Plant List
- Connecticut Invasive Plant Working Group
- East Central Florida CISMA
- Faith Campbell, 1998
- Georgia Exotic Pest Plant Council - Category 4
- Illinois Invasive Plant List
- Maine Noxious Weeds
- Massachusetts Noxious Weeds
- New Hampshire Invasive Species Committee. 2005. Guide to Invasive Upland Plant Species in New Hampshire. New Hampshire Department of Agriculture, Markets and Food Plant Industry Division and New Hampshire Invasive Species Committee.
- New Hampshire Prohibited Aquatic Species
- Nonnative Invasive Species in Southern Forest and Grassland Ecosystems
- South Carolina Noxious Weeds
- Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council
- Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation
- Virginia Invasive Plant Species List
- WeedUS - Database of Plants Invading Natural Areas in the United States
- Wisconsin's Invasive Species Identification, Classification and Control Rule
|Common Name Reference:|| USDA, NRCS. 2010. The PLANTS Database. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA.|
|Scientific Name Reference:||USDA, NRCS. 2010. The PLANTS Database. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA.|