Melia azedarach L.


Melia azedarach is a deciduous tree growing to 50 ft. (15.2 m) in height and 2 ft. (0.6 m) in diameter.
The leaves are alternate, bi-pinnately compound, 1-2 ft. (0.3-0.6 m) in length and turn golden-yellow in fall.
Flowering occurs in the spring, when showy, lavender, 5-petaled flowers develop in panicles.
Fruit are hard, yellow, marble-sized, stalked berries that can be dangerous on sidewalks and other walkways. Seeds are spread by birds.
Ecological Threat
Melia azedarach invades disturbed areas and is commonly found along roads and forest edges. It has the potential to grow in dense thickets, restricting the growth of native vegetation. Melia azedarach is native to Southeast Asia and northern Australia. It was introduced into the United States in the mid 1800s for ornamental purposes.


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EDDMapS Distribution

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State Regulated List

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosidae
Order: Sapindales
Family: Meliaceae
Genus: Melia
Subject: Melia azedarach L.

Synonyms and Other Names

Other Common Names:
Chinaberrytree, Persian lilac, pride-of-India, chinaberry, umbrella tree

Related Scientific Names:
Melia japonica var. semperflorens (G. Don) Makino (Synonym)


Plants - Hardwood Trees