BugwoodWiki Article

European privet
Ligustrum vulgare L.

Overview

Appearance
Ligustrum vulgare is a semi-evergreen shrub or small tree that grows to 20 ft. (6.1 m) in height. Trunks usually occur as multiple stems with many long, leafy branches.
Foliage
Leaves are opposite, lanceolate, 1-2.4 in. (2.5-6 cm) long and 0.2-0.6 in. (0.5-1.5 cm) wide.
Flowers
Flowering occurs from April to June, when panicles of white to cream flowers develop in terminal and upper axillary clusters. Pollen can cause an allergic reaction in some people.
Fruit
The abundant fruits are spherical, 0.3-0.05 in. (1-1.3 cm) long. Fruit begins green and ripens to a dark purple to black color and persists into winter. Birds and wildlife eat the fruit and disperse the seeds. Seed soil viability is about one year. It also colonizes by root sprouts.
Ecological Threat
Ligustrums can tolerate a wide range of conditions. They form dense thickets invading fields, fencerows, roadsides, forest understories, and riparian sites. They can shade out and exclude native understory species, perhaps even reduce tree recruitment. Native to Europe and Asia, they are commonly used as ornamental shrubs and for hedgerows.

Resources

Selected Images


5078031
5078031

European privet
Ligustrum vulgare
Plant(s)
Nava Tabak
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5078029

European privet
Ligustrum vulgare
Plant(s)
Nava Tabak
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5078030

European privet
Ligustrum vulgare
Flower(s)
Nava Tabak
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5078033

European privet
Ligustrum vulgare
Flower(s)
Nava Tabak
5078032
5078032

European privet
Ligustrum vulgare
Foliage
Nava Tabak
5396345
5396345

European privet
Ligustrum vulgare
Foliage
Robert Vidéki
5142064
5142064

European privet
Ligustrum vulgare
Flower(s)
The Dow Gardens Archive
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5396203

European privet
Ligustrum vulgare
Flower(s)
Robert Vidéki
1562044
1562044

European privet
Ligustrum vulgare
Plant(s)
Mark Frey
5307093
5307093

European privet
Ligustrum vulgare
Plant(s)
USDA PLANTS Database
5307092
5307092

European privet
Ligustrum vulgare
Plant(s)
USDA PLANTS Database
5307094
5307094

European privet
Ligustrum vulgare
Seed(s)
Steve Hurst

Maps


EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

EDDMapS Distribution

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

State Regulated List

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Scrophulariales
Family: Oleaceae
Genus: Ligustrum

Other System Links

Plants: LIVU
GRIN: 22101
ITIS: 32980
NPDN Pest: PDMABBD
NPDN Host: 34625

Synonyms and Other Names

Other Common Names:
wild privet

Categories

Category: Shrub or Subshrub