BugwoodWiki Article

winged burning bush
Euonymus alatus (Thunb.) Sieb.

Overview

Appearance
Euonymus alatus is a deciduous shrub, up to 20 ft. (6.1 m) in height, which invades forests throughout the eastern United States. Two to four corky ridges often form along the length of young stems, though they may not appear in shaded areas or closed canopies.
Foliage
The opposite, dark green leaves are < 2 in. (5 cm) long, smooth, rounded and taper at the tips. The leaves turn a bright crimson to purplish color in the fall.
Flowers
The flowers are inconspicuous, are greenish yellow and have four petals. Flowers develop from late April to June and lay flat against the leaves.
Fruit
The fruit which appears from September to October are reddish capsules that split to reveal orange fleshy seeds.
Ecological Threat
Euonymus alatus can invade not only a variety of disturbed habitats including forest edges, old fields, and roadsides but also in undisturbed forests. Birds and other wildlife eat and disperse the fruit. Once established, it can form dense thickets, displacing native vegetation. It is native to northeastern Asia and was first introduced into North America in the 1860s for ornamental purposes. This plant is still sold and planted as an ornamental.

Resources

Selected Images


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0016052

winged burning bush
Euonymus alatus
Foliage
James H. Miller
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2307066

winged burning bush
Euonymus alatus
Foliage
James H. Miller
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winged burning bush
Euonymus alatus
Fruit(s)
James H. Miller
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winged burning bush
Euonymus alatus
Foliage
James H. Miller
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winged burning bush
Euonymus alatus
Twig(s)/Shoot(s)
James H. Miller
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winged burning bush
Euonymus alatus
Bark
James H. Miller
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2307073

winged burning bush
Euonymus alatus
Plant(s)
James H. Miller
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5270091

winged burning bush
Euonymus alatus
Flower(s)
Leslie J. Mehrhoff
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winged burning bush
Euonymus alatus
Fruit(s)
Leslie J. Mehrhoff
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winged burning bush
Euonymus alatus
Twig(s)/Shoot(s)
Leslie J. Mehrhoff
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winged burning bush
Euonymus alatus
Seedling(s)
Leslie J. Mehrhoff
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winged burning bush
Euonymus alatus
Infestation
Leslie J. Mehrhoff
9006016
9006016

winged burning bush
Euonymus alatus
Plant(s)
James H. Miller

Maps


EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

EDDMapS Distribution

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

State Regulated List

Invasive Listing Sources

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosidae
Order: Celastrales
Family: Celastraceae
Genus: Euonymus

Other System Links

Plants: EUAL13
GRIN: 16247
ITIS: 502576
NPDN Pest: PBAABBD

Synonyms and Other Names

Other Common Names:
burning bush, winged euonymus, winged spindletree, winged wahoo

Related Scientific Names:

Euonymus alata (Thunb.) Sieb.(Synonym)

Categories

Category: Shrub or Subshrub