BugwoodWiki Article

Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J. Presl


Cinnamomum camphora is a broad-leaved, evergreen tree that grows 50-100 ft. (15-30 m) tall.
The alternate leaves are shiny, dark green above and lighter green below, have wavy margins, three distinct, yellow veins and are 1.5-4 in. (3.7-10.1 cm) long. A distinctive odor of camphor is emitted when the leaves are crushed.
Small white to cream colored flowers develop in the spring.
Fruit is a black, pea-sized berry.
Ecological Threat
Cinnamomum camphora grows in full sun or partial shade, and it is drought tolerant but not particularly cold tolerant. It invades hardwood forests, upland pine and scrub woods, fence rows and urban green spaces. It is native to eastern Asia and was brought to the United States as an ornamental in 1875.


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EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

EDDMapS Distribution

State Invasive List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their invasive species list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

State Invasives List

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Magnoliidae
Order: Laurales
Family: Lauraceae
Genus: Cinnamomum

Other System Links

Plants: CICA
GRIN: 10578
ITIS: 18175
NPDN Host: 35475

Synonyms and Other Names

Other Common Names:
camphor laurel, camphor tree, shiu leaf, gum camphor, laurel camphor

Related Scientific Names:

Camphora camphora (L.) J. Presl(Synonym)
Laurus camphora (L.) J. Presl(Synonym)


Category: Hardwood Trees