BugwoodWiki Article

camphortree
Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J. Presl

Overview

Appearance
Cinnamomum camphora is a broad-leaved, evergreen tree that grows 50-100 ft. (15-30 m) tall.
Foliage
The alternate leaves are shiny, dark green above and lighter green below, have wavy margins, three distinct, yellow veins and are 1.5-4 in. (3.7-10.1 cm) long. A distinctive odor of camphor is emitted when the leaves are crushed.
Flowers
Small white to cream colored flowers develop in the spring.
Fruit
Fruit is a black, pea-sized berry.
Ecological Threat
Cinnamomum camphora grows in full sun or partial shade, and it is drought tolerant but not particularly cold tolerant. It invades hardwood forests, upland pine and scrub woods, fence rows and urban green spaces. It is native to eastern Asia and was brought to the United States as an ornamental in 1875.

Resources

Selected Images


5287032
5287032

camphortree
Cinnamomum camphora
Tree(s)
Forest and Kim Starr
5285002
5285002

camphortree
Cinnamomum camphora
Foliage
Forest and Kim Starr
5411599
5411599

camphortree
Cinnamomum camphora
Feature(s)
Rebekah D. Wallace
5421916
5421916

camphortree
Cinnamomum camphora
Foliage
James H. Miller
5421918
5421918

camphortree
Cinnamomum camphora
Fruit(s)
James H. Miller
1539078
1539078

camphortree
Cinnamomum camphora
Stem(s)
James H. Miller
5284089
5284089

camphortree
Cinnamomum camphora
Tree(s)
Forest and Kim Starr
5307007
5307007

camphortree
Cinnamomum camphora
Seed(s)
Steve Hurst

Maps


EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

EDDMapS Distribution

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

State Regulated List

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Magnoliidae
Order: Laurales
Family: Lauraceae
Genus: Cinnamomum

Other System Links

Plants: CICA
GRIN: 10578
ITIS: 18175
NPDN Pest: PCPAFBA
NPDN Host: 35475

Synonyms and Other Names

Other Common Names:
camphor laurel, camphor tree, shiu leaf, gum camphor, laurel camphor

Related Scientific Names:

Camphora camphora (L.) J. Presl(Synonym)
Laurus camphora (L.) J. Presl(Synonym)

Categories

Category: Hardwood Trees