BugwoodWiki Article

porcelain-berry
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata (Maxim.) Trautv.

Overview

Appearance
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata has become a serious invader of the eastern United States and closely resembles native species of grape. It is a deciduous, woody vine that climbs to heights of more than 20 ft. (6.1 m). These branched tendril-bearing, woody vines (native grapes have unbranched tendrils) have lenticels and white piths that are continuous across the nodes. Bark is ridged and furrowed, whereas native grape bark is shredded.
Foliage
The alternate leaves are simple and heart-shaped with coarse teeth along the margins. The leaves vary from slightly lobed to deeply dissected.
Flowers
Flowering occurs in mid-summer, when greenish to white, inconspicuous flowers develop in small clusters.
Fruit
Fruits are small berries that range from yellow to purple to blue in color.
Ecological Threat
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata prefers moist, rich soils and can thrive in a wide range of light availability. It invades streambanks, pond margins, forest edges and other disturbed areas. The thick mats formed by this climbing vine can cover and shade out native shrubs and young trees. It spreads very quickly since birds and mammals eat and thus disperse the seeds. Ampelopsis brevipedunculata is native to Japan and northern China and was first introduced into the United States in 1870 as an ornamental and landscaping plant.

Resources

Selected Images


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porcelain-berry
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata
Plant(s)
Jil Swearingen
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1539038

porcelain-berry
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata
Fruit(s)
James H. Miller
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1539042

porcelain-berry
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata
Foliage
James H. Miller
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porcelain-berry
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata
Infestation
Leslie J. Mehrhoff
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5270016

porcelain-berry
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata
Fruit(s)
Leslie J. Mehrhoff
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5270017

porcelain-berry
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata
Plant(s)
Leslie J. Mehrhoff
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5270019

porcelain-berry
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata
Bark
Leslie J. Mehrhoff
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5270020

porcelain-berry
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata
Seedling(s)
Leslie J. Mehrhoff
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5389509

porcelain-berry
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata
Fruit(s)
Nancy Loewenstein
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5421973

porcelain-berry
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata
Feature(s)
James H. Miller
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porcelain-berry
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata
Stem(s)
Karan A. Rawlins
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porcelain-berry
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata
Foliage
Karan A. Rawlins

Maps


EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

EDDMapS Distribution

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

State Regulated List

Invasive Listing Sources

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosidae
Order: Rhamnales
Family: Vitaceae
Genus: Ampelopsis

Other System Links

Plants: AMBR7
GRIN: 2964
ITIS: 28632

Synonyms and Other Names

Other Common Names:
creeper, porcelainberry, wild grape, porcelain berry

Related Scientific Names:

Ampelopsis heterophylla (Maxim.) Trautv.(Synonym)

Categories

Category: Vines