BugwoodWiki Article

Japanese maple
Acer palmatum Thunb.

Overview

Appearance
Acer palmatum can be grown as a multi-stemmed shrub or a single-stemmed small tree that can grows from 10-25 ft. (3-8 m) tall with a rounded to broadly rounded shape. The twigs have green and red, glabrous bark that is considered very showy. The bark on the trunk and main branches is gray.
Foliage
Acer palmatum has a palmate leaf that is from 2-5 in. (5-13 cm) across with from 5 to 9 lobes. The foliage is usually green with fall colors ranging from yellow, bronze, purple, orange to red. The beautiful fall colors are some of the reasons this tree has been used in landscaping. The cultivars of Acer palmatum vary widely.
Flowers
The small reddish purple flowers are carried in umbels. Acer palmatum blooms from April-June depending on the location. The flowers are beautiful close up, but are not usually very noticeable from a distance. Flowers are followed by winged fruit.
Fruit
The fruits of Acer palmatum are samaras. The fruits are elongated and usually range from 0.5-0.75 in. (1.3-2 cm) long. The covering of the fruit is dry and hard. The color of the fruit ranges from green to reddish green. Fruits ripen from September-October.
Ecological Threat
Acer palmatum is native to Japan, China and Korea. It is often used as a landscape ornamental plant. Acer palmatum can be found in yards, along roadsides, and streams. It has escaped cultivation, naturalised and is considered a weed in New South Wales and other parts of Australia. Acer palmatum has escaped and naturalized in the eastern United States and Hawaii, Canada and New Zealand. Widespread use of this plant increases the probability that more will escape from cultivation.

Resources

Selected Images


0580055
0580055

Japanese maple
Acer palmatum
Foliage
Jil Swearingen
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1330001

Japanese maple
Acer palmatum
Foliage
Chris Evans
1330002
1330002

Japanese maple
Acer palmatum
Foliage
Chris Evans
1362016
1362016

Japanese maple
Acer palmatum
Twig(s)/Shoot(s)
Chris Evans
1580041
1580041

Japanese maple
Acer palmatum
Foliage
John Ruter
1580467
1580467

Japanese maple
Acer palmatum
Tree(s)
John Ruter
1580500
1580500

Japanese maple
Acer palmatum
Cultivar
John Ruter
5145088
5145088

Japanese maple
Acer palmatum
Cultivar
The Dow Gardens Archive

Maps


EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

EDDMapS Distribution

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosidae
Order: Sapindales
Family: Aceraceae
Genus: Acer

Other System Links

Plants: ACPA2
GRIN: 1187
ITIS: 182136
NPDN Pest: PACABBL
NPDN Host: 35187

Synonyms and Other Names

Related Scientific Names:

Acer palmatum var. dissectum (Thunb.) Miq.(Synonym)

Categories

Category: Hardwood Trees
Category: Shrub or Subshrub