- Cirsium arvense, a rhizomatous perennial grows from 1-5 ft. (0.3-1.5 m) tall. Roots can grow deep into the ground. Stems do not have conspicuous spines.
- Leaves are dark green and lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate. They are glabrous above, but their undersides have short, white hairs. They may be pinnatifid and very prickly. Basal leaves are 5-8 in. (12-20 cm) long. Leaves are usually sessile to slightly clasping. Leaf characteristics are variable across different varieties and subspecies.
- It has male and female plants. Female flowers are flask-shaped, 0.4-0.6 in. (1-1.5 cm) in diameter, and 0.4-0.75 in. (1-2 cm) tall. Female flowers are fragrant, the male flowers are not. Male flowers are smaller and more globose than the female flowers. Flowers range from purple to pink or white. It blooms from June to August.
- Fruits are tiny, 0.1 in. (2-3 mm) long, about 0.04 in. (1 mm) in diameter, with a white to light brown pappus.
- Ecological Threat
- Cirsium arvense is most commonly found in agricultural and disturbed sites, or sites that are undergoing restoration. It is shade intolerant and therefore is rarely found within wooded sites, except in clearings. It is found in some dry, sandy sites, but more commonly on the edges of wet habitats such as stream banks and lake shores. In the western and northern U.S. it presents a significant problem in prairie and riparian habitats.
- Biological Control of Invasive Plants in the Eastern United States - USDA Forest Service
- Weeds Gone Wild: Alien Plant Invaders of Natural Areas - Plant Conservation Alliance
- Element Stewardship Abstract - The Nature Conservancy
- Invasive Plant Atlas of New England - University of Connecticut
- Fire Effects Information System - USDA Forest Service
- Federal Noxious Weed Disseminules of the U.S. - USDA-APHIS
- Weed of the Week - USDA Forest Service
- Weed Field Guide - USDA Forest Service
- Plant Invaders of Mid-Atlantic Natural Areas - National Park Service and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Image Sets View other image sets:
EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org
State Invasive List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their invasive species list. For more information, visit Invasive.org
Most Troublesome / Most Common Agricultural Weed List
This map identifies those states that consider this species either most troublesome or most common in at least one commodity. For more information, visit the MTMC project page.
|No Data for this state|
|Troublesome or Common weed in one or more crops|
Invasive Listing Sources
- Alabama Invasive Plant Council
- Alaska Noxious Weeds
- Arizona Noxious Weeds
- California Invasive Plant Council
- California Noxious Weeds
- City of Ann Arbor Michigan Parks and Recreation
- Colorado Noxious Weeds
- Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, 1994.
- Connecticut Invasive Plant List
- Connecticut Invasive Plant Working Group
- Delaware Natural Resources and Environmental Control, 2004
- Delaware Noxious Weeds
- EDDMapS Ontario
- Faith Campbell, 1998
- Forest Service-Alaska, 2004
- Great Lakes Early Detection Network
- Hoffman, R. & K. Kearns, Eds. 1997. Wisconsin manual of control recommendations for ecologically invasive plants. Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources, Bureau of Endangered Resources. Madison, Wisconsin. 102pp.
- Idaho Noxious Weeds
- Illinois Invasive Plant List
- Illinois Noxious Weeds
- Indiana Native Plant and Wildflower Society
- Indiana Noxious Weeds
- Iowa Noxious Weeds
- Jil M. Swearingen, Survey of invasive plants occurring on National Park Service lands, 2000-2007
- John Randall, The Nature Conservancy, Survey of TNC Preserves, 1995.
- Kansas Noxious Weeds
- Kentucky Exotic Pest Plant Council - Significant Threat
- Kentucky Noxious Weeds
- Maryland Cooperative Extension Service. 2003. Invasive Plant Control in Maryland. Home and Garden Information Center, Home and Garden Mimeo HG88. 4 pp.
- Maryland Department of Natural Resources, 1994
- Maryland Noxious Weeds
- Michigan Noxious Weeds
- Mid-Atlantic Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2005
- Minnesota Noxious Weeds
- Missouri Department of Conservation,
- Missouri Noxious Weeds
- Montana Noxious Weeds
- National Wildlife Refuge Association, Silent Invasion: A Call to Action from the National Wildlife Refuge Association, 2002. Washington DC. 17 pp.
- Native Plant Society of Oregon, 2008
- Nebraska Noxious Weeds
- Nevada Noxious Weeds
- New Hampshire Restricted Invasive Species
- New Jersey Department of Agriculture, Division of Plant Industry, 2004
- New Mexico Noxious Weeds
- Nonnative Invasive Species in Southern Forest and Grassland Ecosystems
- North Carolina Noxious Weeds - Class B
- North Dakota Noxious Weeds
- Ohio Noxious Weeds
- Oklahoma Noxious Weeds
- Oregon Noxious Weeds
- Pacific Northwest Exotic Pest Plant Council, 1998
- Pennsylvania Noxious Weeds
- Rhode Island Natural History Society,
- South Dakota Noxious Weeds
- Tennessee Exotic Pest Plant Council
- Utah Noxious Weeds
- Virginia Invasive Plant Species List
- Washington Noxious Weeds
- WeedUS - Database of Plants Invading Natural Areas in the United States
- Wisconsin Noxious Weeds
- Wisconsin's Invasive Species Identification, Classification and Control Rule
- Wyoming Noxious Weeds
Other System LinksPlants: CIAR4
NPDN Pest: PBFAWBB
NPDN Host: 31702
|Common Name Reference:|| USDA, NRCS. 2010. The PLANTS Database. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA.|
|Scientific Name Reference:||USDA, NRCS. 2010. The PLANTS Database. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA, USA.|