BugwoodWiki Article

melaleuca
Melaleuca quinquenervia (Cav.) Blake

Overview

Appearance
Melaleuca quinquenervia is a tall (up to 80 ft. [24.4 m]), evergreen tree in the eucalyptus family that invades wetland habitats in southern Florida. The bark is papery, layered, brownish-white and peeling.
Foliage
The alternate leaves are gray-green, oval, 1-4 in. (2.5-10.2 cm) long and smell of camphor when crushed.
Flowers
Flowering occurs throughout the year. The brush-like spikes of flowers are white in color.
Fruit
Flowers give way to small, woody, seed capsules. Seeds are spread by wind and water.
Ecological Threat
Melaleuca quinquenervia aggressively invades a variety of wetland habitats including sawgrass marshes, wet prairies, and aquatic sloughs. It often forms impenetrable thickets, reduces biodiversity, displaces native vegetation and reduces the value of these habitats for wildlife. It also accelerates the loss of groundwater due to increased evapotranspiration. Melaleuca quinquenervia is native to Australia, New Guinea, and New Caledonia and was first introduced into the United States in southern Florida in the early 1900s for landscaping and “swamp drying” purposes. Melaleuca quinquenervia a resembles red bottlebrush (Callistemon citrinus), but the flowers of C. citrinus are red.

Selected Images


5163020
5163020

melaleuca
Melaleuca quinquenervia
Tree(s)
Forest and Kim Starr
5163022
5163022

melaleuca
Melaleuca quinquenervia
Flower(s)
Forest and Kim Starr
5391687
5391687

melaleuca
Melaleuca quinquenervia
Foliage
Barry Rice
5276042
5276042

melaleuca
Melaleuca quinquenervia
Seedling(s)
Tony Pernas
5276031
5276031

melaleuca
Melaleuca quinquenervia
Flower(s)
Tony Pernas
2199097
2199097

melaleuca
Melaleuca quinquenervia
Fruit(s)
Albert (Bud) Mayfield
5276025
5276025

melaleuca
Melaleuca quinquenervia
Fruit(s)
Tony Pernas
5160009
5160009

melaleuca
Melaleuca quinquenervia
Fruit(s)
Forest and Kim Starr
5163027
5163027

melaleuca
Melaleuca quinquenervia
Fruit(s)
Forest and Kim Starr
5276033
5276033

melaleuca
Melaleuca quinquenervia
Seed(s)
Tony Pernas
5376517
5376517

melaleuca
Melaleuca quinquenervia
Seed(s)
Julia Scher
5160005
5160005

melaleuca
Melaleuca quinquenervia
Bark
Forest and Kim Starr
1461082
1461082

melaleuca
Melaleuca quinquenervia
Control
Amy Ferriter
1499061
1499061

melaleuca
Melaleuca quinquenervia
Stand
Tony Pernas
5275058
5275058

melaleuca
Melaleuca quinquenervia
Control
Tony Pernas

Maps


EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

EDDMapS Distribution

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

State Regulated List

Most Troublesome / Most Common Agricultural Weed List
This map identifies those states that consider this species either most troublesome or most common in at least one commodity. For more information, visit the MTMC project page.

State Regulated List
Legend
   No Data for this state
   Troublesome or Common weed in one or more crops

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosidae
Order: Myrtales
Family: Myrtaceae
Genus: Melaleuca

Other System Links

Plants: MEQU
Bayer: MLAQU
GRIN: 105723
ITIS: 27228
NPDN Pest: PDIAFAA
NPDN Host: 35649

Synonyms and Other Names

Other Common Names:
punktree, paperbark

Categories

Category: Hardwood Trees
Category: Shrub or Subshrub