BugwoodWiki Article

tropical soda apple
Solanum viarum Dunal

Overview

Appearance
Solanum viarum is a perennial, shrubby forb that is on the Federal Noxious Weed list. Plants grow to 6 ft. (1.8 m) in height and width.
Foliage
Leaves are broad, 6-8 in. (15.2-20.3 cm) long, 2-6 in. (5.1-15.2 cm) wide, hairy and resemble fig or oak leaves. The entire plant is loaded with 0.75 in. (1.9 cm), straight prickles.
Flowers
Flowering occurs year-round, with most reproduction occurring from September to May. White, 5-petaled flowers grow, in clusters, under the leaves.
Fruit
Fruit are 1 in. (2.5 cm) in diameter and resemble a watermelon.
Ecological Threat
Solanum viarum invades pastures, fields, and parks, but also has the potential to invade open forest and other natural areas. This plant forms thick stands that can be impenetrable to livestock, large wildlife, and humans.

Resources

Selected Images


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1391157

tropical soda apple
Solanum viarum
Seedling(s)
John D. Byrd
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2308095

tropical soda apple
Solanum viarum
Foliage
James Rollins
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1115020

tropical soda apple
Solanum viarum
Feature(s)
Charles T. Bryson
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2254059

tropical soda apple
Solanum viarum
Flower(s)
Charles T. Bryson
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5403100

tropical soda apple
Solanum viarum
Flower(s)
Rebekah D. Wallace
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1115037

tropical soda apple
Solanum viarum
Foliage
Charles T. Bryson
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4054001

tropical soda apple
Solanum viarum
Feature(s)
J. Jeffrey Mullahey
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1624037

tropical soda apple
Solanum viarum
Fruit(s)
J. Jeffrey Mullahey
4054008
4054008

tropical soda apple
Solanum viarum
Fruit(s)
J. Jeffrey Mullahey
1149071
1149071

tropical soda apple
Solanum viarum
Fruit(s)
USDA APHIS PPQ Archive
0016193
0016193

tropical soda apple
Solanum viarum
Fruit(s)
John W. Everest
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1115031

tropical soda apple
Solanum viarum
Plant(s)
Charles T. Bryson
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1299167

tropical soda apple
Solanum viarum
Plant(s)
Randy Westbrooks
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2254064

tropical soda apple
Solanum viarum
Plant(s)
Charles T. Bryson
1115036
1115036

tropical soda apple
Solanum viarum
Infestation
Charles T. Bryson
4054012
4054012

tropical soda apple
Solanum viarum
Plant(s)
J. Jeffrey Mullahey
1624038
1624038

tropical soda apple
Solanum viarum
Infestation
J. Jeffrey Mullahey
1115029
1115029

tropical soda apple
Solanum viarum
Seedling(s)
Charles T. Bryson
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4387083

tropical soda apple
Solanum viarum
Plant(s)
Arthur E. Miller
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5376822

tropical soda apple
Solanum viarum
Seed(s)
Julia Scher

Maps


EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

EDDMapS Distribution

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

State Regulated List

Most Troublesome / Most Common Agricultural Weed List
This map identifies those states that consider this species either most troublesome or most common in at least one commodity. For more information, visit the MTMC project page.

State Regulated List
Legend
   No Data for this state
   Troublesome or Common weed in one or more crops

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Asteridae
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Solanum

Other System Links

Plants: SOVI2
Bayer: SOLVI
GRIN: 317433
ITIS: 505273
NPDN Pest: PEWAIQB
NPDN Host: 34997

Categories

Category: Shrub or Subshrub