BugwoodWiki Article

kudzu
Pueraria montana var. lobata (Willd.) Maesen & S. Almeida

Overview

Appearance
Pueraria montana var. lobata is a climbing, deciduous vine capable of reaching lengths of over 100 ft. (30.5 m) in a single season. Its fleshy tap roots can reach 7 in. (18 cm) in width and grow to 9 ft. (3.8 m) deep. These roots can weigh up to 400 lbs. (180 kg).
Foliage
Leaves are alternate, compound (with three, usually lobed, leaflets), hairy underneath and up to 5.4 in. (15 cm) long.
Flowers
Flowering occurs in midsummer, when 0.5 in. (1.3 cm) long, purple, fragrant flowers hang, in clusters, in the axils of the leaves.
Fruit
Fruit are brown, hairy, flat, 3 in. (7.6 cm) long, 0.3 in. (0.8 cm) wide seed pods. Each pod can contain 3-10 hard seeds.
Ecological Threat
Preferred habitat includes open, disturbed areas such as roadsides, right-of-ways, forest edges, and old fields. Pueraria montana var. lobata often grows over, shades out and kills all other vegetation, including trees. It is native to Asia and was first introduced into the United States in 1876 at the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition. It was widely planted throughout the eastern United States in an attempt to control erosion.

Resources

Selected Images


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2651015

kudzu
Pueraria montana var. lobata
Flower(s)
David J. Moorhead
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2307161

kudzu
Pueraria montana var. lobata
Foliage
James H. Miller
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5005027

kudzu
Pueraria montana var. lobata
Foliage
Ronald F. Billings
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2308023

kudzu
Pueraria montana var. lobata
Flower(s)
Chuck Bargeron
5160024
5160024

kudzu
Pueraria montana var. lobata
Flower(s)
Forest and Kim Starr
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2307165

kudzu
Pueraria montana var. lobata
Fruit(s)
James H. Miller & Ted Bodner
0002156
0002156

kudzu
Pueraria montana var. lobata
Infestation
Kerry Britton
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0016127

kudzu
Pueraria montana var. lobata
Feature(s)
James H. Miller
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0016247

kudzu
Pueraria montana var. lobata
Research
USDA NRCS Archive
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0016248

kudzu
Pueraria montana var. lobata
Research
USDA NRCS Archive
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0016251

kudzu
Pueraria montana var. lobata
Research
USDA NRCS Archive
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0581050

kudzu
Pueraria montana var. lobata
Plant(s)
Jil Swearingen
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1116098

kudzu
Pueraria montana var. lobata
Infestation
Charles T. Bryson
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1238046

kudzu
Pueraria montana var. lobata
Infestation
Randy Cyr
1264062
1264062

kudzu
Pueraria montana var. lobata
Infestation
Chris Evans
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1268007

kudzu
Pueraria montana var. lobata
Infestation
Chris Evans
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1391408

kudzu
Pueraria montana var. lobata
Infestation
John D. Byrd
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1403048

kudzu
Pueraria montana var. lobata
Infestation
David J. Moorhead
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1624019

kudzu
Pueraria montana var. lobata
Infestation
Jerry Asher
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2127021

kudzu
Pueraria montana var. lobata
Infestation
Chris Evans
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2132038

kudzu
Pueraria montana var. lobata
Infestation
David J. Moorhead
2132062
2132062

kudzu
Pueraria montana var. lobata
Infestation
Johnny Randall
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1162003

kudzu
Pueraria montana var. lobata
Feature(s)
David J. Moorhead
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2155026

kudzu
Pueraria montana var. lobata
Infestation
John D. Byrd
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2155044

kudzu
Pueraria montana var. lobata
Control
John D. Byrd
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2307001

kudzu
Pueraria montana var. lobata
Control
James H. Miller
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2307166

kudzu
Pueraria montana var. lobata
Bark
James H. Miller
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2651013

kudzu
Pueraria montana var. lobata
Stand
David J. Moorhead
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2651014

kudzu
Pueraria montana var. lobata
Stand
David J. Moorhead
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3037001

kudzu
Pueraria montana var. lobata
Plant(s)
Robert L. Anderson
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5160025

kudzu
Pueraria montana var. lobata
Flower(s)
Forest and Kim Starr
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5163036

kudzu
Pueraria montana var. lobata
Feature(s)
Forest and Kim Starr
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5308065

kudzu
Pueraria montana var. lobata
Seed(s)
Steve Hurst
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5344059

kudzu
Pueraria montana var. lobata
Seedling(s)
Nancy Dagley
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5344083

kudzu
Pueraria montana var. lobata
Infestation
David J. Moorhead

Maps


EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

EDDMapS Distribution

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

State Regulated List

Most Troublesome / Most Common Agricultural Weed List
This map identifies those states that consider this species either most troublesome or most common in at least one commodity. For more information, visit the MTMC project page.

State Regulated List
Legend
   No Data for this state
   Troublesome or Common weed in one or more crops

Invasive Listing Sources

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosidae
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae (Leguminosae)
Genus: Pueraria

Other System Links

Plants: PUMO
Bayer: PUELO
GRIN: 30355
ITIS: 529930
NPDN Pest: PCQBPBA

Synonyms and Other Names

Related Scientific Names:

Pueraria lobata (Lour.) Merr.(Synonym)
Pueraria thunbergiana (Siebold & Zucc.) Benth.(Synonym)

Categories

Category: Vines