island applesnail
Pomacea maculata Perry, 1810


Overview

Origin
Pomacea maculata is a species of large, globular, freshwater snail native to tropical and sub-tropical South America. The thin fragile shells can reach up to 6 in. (15 cm) high and are higher than they are wide. Color can range from pale to darker olive green often with a faint dark band. Their name comes from the dark spots on the inside of their shell. P. maculata feeds on a large variety of aquatic plants in freshwater ponds, lakes, swamps and other wetlands. This species can easily be mistaken for other related snail species such as Pomacea canaliculata and Pomacea lineata. A recent study shows P. canaliculata and P. maculata can hybridize.
Life Cycle
In P. maculata the sexes are separate. Females lay clusters of bright pink eggs above the water line. They are attached to emergent vegetation or any dry emergent surface. Within 7-15 days the eggs usually hatch. Each mass of eggs can contain over 2000 eggs. Females can live up to 4 years and lay eggs as often as once a week during the growing season. Sexual maturity is reached when the snail reaches a certain size.
Distribution
P. maculata range from sub-tropical to tropical zones, but cannot tolerate temperatures below 50° F. They have been reported in Florida, Alabama, Arizona, Georgia, Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina and Puerto Rico. They are considered a serious crop pest of rice in Asia.
Control Efforts
Preventive measures that enforce strict quarantine should help reduce or prevent the spread or introduction of Pomacea to new areas. Handpicking can remove both snails and eggs. Other animals, including some birds, also eat these snails.
Read more in the Bugwood Wiki

Resources


Selected Images



Maps



EDDMapS Distribution

EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

State Regulated List

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit Invasive.org

Taxonomic Rank


Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Subclass: Prosobranchia
Order: Architaenioglossa
Family: Ampullariidae
Genus: Pomacea
Subject: Pomacea maculata Perry, 1810

Synonyms and Other Names


Related Scientific Names:
Pomacea insularum (d'Orbigny, 1839) (Synonym)