Japanese black pine
Pinus thunbergii Parl.


Pinus thunbergii is a small evergreen tree that can reach heights of about 20-30 ft (6-9 m) tall and about 20-35 ft (6-11 m) wide in cultivation. In its native habitat it can grow to over 100 ft (30.5 m) tall. The branches are usually large and contorted, spreading horizontally or hanging down. It is native to northeastern China, Korea and Japan.
The leaves are usually a dark green. The needles are 5-7 in long and twisted. Needles are borne in groups of two per bundle.
Seed cones are either solitary or held 2-3 together. They are about 1.6-2.4 x 1.2-1.6 in (4-6 × 3-4 cm) long by wide and deciduous. The seeds are obovoid to ellipsoid in shape.
Ecological Threat
P. thunbergii prefers full sun and can tolerate a wide range of soil types. It is tolerant to both drought and high salinity. The climate of the southern half of the United States is suitable for this tree.

Selected Images


EDDMapS Distribution

EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Coniferophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Pinales
Family: Pinaceae
Genus: Pinus
Subject: Pinus thunbergii Parl.

Synonyms and Other Names

Related Scientific Names:
Pinus thunbergiana Franco (Synonym)


Plants - Conifer Trees