rough mannagrass
Glyceria maxima (Hartman) Holmb.


Glyceria maxima is a perennial, semi-aquatic, rhizomatous grass. Stems are unbranched and can reach 2-8.2 ft. (0.6-2.5 m) in height.
Leaves are 12-23.6 in. (30-60 cm) long, 0.2-0.8 in. (6-20 mm) wide, with an acute apex and a prominent midrib. The leaf margins have stiff, short hairs. The leaf sheaths are rough in texture with a reddish-brown band at the leaf junction.
Flowering occurs from June through August, when flowers appear in 6-12 in. (15-30 cm) long open panicles. The panicle branches have short, stiff hairs like those on the leaf margins.
The small seeds are 0.06-0.08 in. (1.5-2 mm) long, obovoid in shape and smooth in texture. This plant reproduces primarily vegetatively through rhizomes.
Ecological Threat
Glyceria maxima occurs in sunny to semi-shady wetlands, where it can form dense impenetrable monocultures that crowd out native species. It is native to northern Eurasia and was first found in North America in 1940 on the edge of Lake Ontario.


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EDDMapS Distribution

EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. For more information, visit

State Regulated List

State Regulated List - This map identifies those states that list this species on their regulated list. For more information, visit

Taxonomic Rank

Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Subclass: Commelinidae
Order: Cyperales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Glyceria
Subject: Glyceria maxima (Hartman) Holmb.


Plants - Grass or Grasslike